Healthy Ageingis the manner of enhancing the mental, physical, and social capacity of an older people. This is made possible when the older people belong to a safe community giving them the chance to actively participate in the society without inequity and independence. Self-control is the key factor to autonomy. It is essential to give old people enough space, time, and opportunity in order for them to continuously development themselves with self-respect and positive attitude. Adequate support in terms of health services and programmes will keep the aging society away from diseases or minimize illnesses that will limit their healthy participation in the community.
There are many aspects to consider achieving healthy ageing.
- Independence in old age to achieve personal control
- Maintaining balance in a changing life situation
- Disability in ageing
Different people may have different interpretation of healthy ageing. Some organizations or researches pertain healthy ageing as positive ageing or active ageing.
Ageing is not simply a course of time. It is the expression of biological events that occur over a period of time. Different people age in different ways that affect both individual cells and organ systems. Some systems functions slowly as it used to be and some lose their functions completely. Fast and sudden changes may indicate serious health issues. Each one of us has unique physiological and physical aging process. Genes and environment are factors in aging. The most powerful factor is genetic. There are some genetic disorders that can speed up the aging process, such as Hutchinson-Gilford, Werner’s, and Down Syndromes. On the hand, lots of environment conditions like quality of health care have considerable effect on aging. Another essential thing to consider in aging is healthy lifestyle. In many case, even if an older person wants to have a healthy lifestyle, they don’t have any choice since their resources are limited. Support of caring community and government is needed in order to attain healthy lifestyle in this case. There are three categories once changes occur: physical, psychological, and social.