Usually women do not expect to have to cope up with female hair loss even if there is a history of hair loss in their family, with males or females. The general belief tends to be that baldness is a problem for males, not for women. Female hair loss is only accepted when women are old and at that stage it is hard to find a hair loss treatment specifically aimed at females. The cause of female hair loss is different from every woman and sometimes it is possible to stop hair loss for example, by not using a specific hair treatment product or method anymore. The most common causes of female hair loss are listed below.
- ANDROGENETIC ALOPECIA:
This is an inherited pattern of hair loss and it is the most common cause of permanent hair loss in both women and men. Androgenetic alopecia in men is what is known as male pattern baldness –hair loss that starts at the front of the scalp and recedes backward over time, and hair in the center of the scalp thins and falls out. In women, this results in uniform hair thinning. Androgenetic alopecia is genetically linked hair thinning. Hair loss typically begins between the ages of 12 and 40. Androgenetic alopecia usually doesn’t cause menstrual issues or interfere with pregnancy or endocrine function.
2. ALOPECIA AREATA:
Alopecia areata is an immune disease that affects almost 1% of the population. This type of hair loss appears in various degrees of severity- from small, round patches of hair loss that re-grow without medical treatment, to chronic, extensive hair loss that can involve the loss of all hair on the scalp or body. This type of hair loss affects both genders equally and can occur at any age, although it occurs most often in children and young adults. Hair loss can be visualized as smooth round bald patches. They have to be treated immediately to avoid progression. Usually response to treatment is very good.
This condition is caused by local injury to the hair follicles from tight hair styles that pull at hair over time. If the condition is detected early enough, the hair will re-grow. Braiding, cornrows, tight ponytails, and extensions are the most common styling causes.
This is one of the common causes of hair loss in females. Many conditions can cause Telogen effluvium:
- Medications: Cancer drugs, birth control pills, drugs for blood pressure, anti-depressants, blood thinners, and excessive vitamin A can all lead to hair loss.
- Stress: This is a common cause in females with extensive hair loss.
- Thyroid disease: Decreas3ed function of thyroid glands can cause marked hair loss.
- Anemia: Low blood hemoglobin (below 11 mg/dl) can cause hair loss.
- Food Habits: Crash dieting, low protein diet, taking food at improper timings can all lead to hair loss.
- Sleep: Lack of deep sleep especially at night can attribute to hair fall.
- Illness: Any chronic disease can cause hair loss. Typhoid and viral fevers can trigger this.
- Child birth: Some women lose large amounts of hair within 2 to 3 months after delivery.