Bladder problems are rarely serious medical threats (although bladder cancer is certainly an exception), but they are quite bothersome and annoying because they are often socially embarrassing.
Bladder problems become more frequent as the years go by. But some bladder problems, like shy bladder and bedwetting, also happen to the young.
The goal of this article is to provide a general understanding of how the human bladder works, and the most typical bladder problems experienced by people everywhere – both young and old.
The bladder is a sac-like structure in the lower abdominal area. Its major role is acting as a storage area for urine.
The bladder has a waterproof skin which is known to medical professionals as the transitional cell epithelium.|A waterproof tissue serves as a lining for the inside of the bladder. The medical name for this lining is the transitional cell epithelium.}
Urine is deposited into the bladder from the kidneys through tubes called ureters. It is elmininated through a tube known as the urethra.
A normal adult bladder holds about 400 milliliters of urine.
As mentioned above, bladder problems become more common as people grow older. It can be tougher to control the bladder. this can cause a condition known as incontinence. Incontinence can also occur when there is a medical problem or disease that affects the bladder. There are numerous bladder control products available in pharmacies and even grocery markets that help people who have to endure incontinence or bladder control difficulties.
There are several types of bladder cancer. The the type that happens most often starts in the lining of the cells inside of the bladder. This type is known as urothelial cell carcinoma (UCC) or transitional cell carcinoma (TCC).
A bladder infection is a bacterial infection that’s also known as a urinary tract infection or UTI. Although bladder infection can be very uncomfortable, it’s usually very treatable with antibiotics and can be cured quickly when treated properly.
An overactive bladder is a disorder caused by a sudden, involuntary contraction of the muscle in the wall of your bladder. This condition triggers an unpredictable and unstoppable need to urinate. Overactive bladder is also called urge incontinence and is a kind of urinary incontinence or unintentional loss of urine.
Bladder Stones – Bladder stones are crystalline masses that originate from minerals and proteins which naturally occur in urine. They are considerably less common than kidney stones.
Bladder Spasms – Also known as bladder instability. Under normal circumstances bladder muscles are relaxed and only go into action when you urinate. But when the bladder is unstable, it sometimes contracts suddenly and unexpectedly. This contraction is commonly known as a bladder spasm.
Bladder Prolapse – This condition is also called cystoceles. It is more often called fallen bladder or prolapsed bladder. Fallen bladder happens in women when the front wall of the vagina, which supports the bladder, becomes weak or grows loose. The bladder may then begin to slip into the vagina. There are four different stages, but the basic result can be urinary difficulties, discomfort, and stress incontinence (which is urine leakage caused by sneezing, coughing, exertion, or some other physical condition).
Enuresis (Bedwetting) – Enuresis is, simply put, involuntary urination, usually during sleep. This is more common in children and usually ends as the child matures. However, repeated enuresis can be a sign or symptom other physical or emotional problems.
Paruresis – Paruresis is a condition that is also known as shy bladder, shy kidney, or bashful bladder. Both men and women can suffer from paruresis, which is a type of social anxiety disorder in which the sufferer is unable to urinate when others are within earshot, typically in a place like a public restroom.
Although some bladder problems may be caused by psychological factors, it still makes sense to talk to your physician about them. He or she can suggest treatment options or prescribe products that will at least help you cope with these bladder problems when you face them.