The annual percentage rate (APR) is an estimate rate indicative of the actual cost of investment/debt. The APR is an indicator which as a percentage of annual cost or performance reveals the effects of a financial product, since it includes the nominal interest rate, expenses, bank fees and terms of the transaction.
So, the APR differs from the interest rate that does not collect any fees or commissions, only the compensation received by the owner of funds.
The annual percentage rate has no appraisal fees that contain interest provision, part payment of surcharges and accounting fees. This must be considered when tenders solicited are to be compared objectively.
It is calculated from a mathematical formula which takes into account the type and frequency of interest payments (monthly, quarterly, etc): AER = (1 + \ frac (r) (f)) ^ f-1 \. Where R is the interest rate (monthly) expressed in relative terms (eg 7% = 0.07 for the first time), F, frequency of payments / interest payments.
The uniform method allows for certain types of loans to estimate the annual percentage rate. It is legally valid and disclosed by financial institutions but is more complicated to calculate, yet offers more effective yield.
The uniform method is regarded as a rough calculation with which one can obtain in particular equal monthly installments of loans to be repaid. But the result may differ from the PAngV-effective yield.
In essence, the APR is a parameter to compare independent loans. If the loan is fixed and linked with the purchase of a product, such as a vehicle, it is the primary characteristic of the purchase price. If this is not mentioned as often in advertising, it is an indication that the effective annual interest rate is irrelevant.
Comparison of different financing products should the basis of determining an assumed annual percentage rate, the payment rates and the effective purchase price.
Normally, the APR does not include expenses that the customer can avoid (for example, the costs of transferring funds). Which are credited to other people or companies (notary fees, taxes) or expenditure for insurance and guarantees excluding premiums. To ensure the reimbursement of the credit institution in case of death, disability or unemployment, provided that the entity is imposing its subscription for the granting of credit.
The calculation of the APR is based on the composite interest rate on the assumption that interest earned is reinvested at the same rate of interest. That’s the rule. But the calculation of the APR may be slightly different depending on the product concerned, the term appears in both APR savings products and loans.
The effective interest rate as opposed to the nominal interest rate takes into account all other price-determining factors in the regular course of credit, that is, the effective interest rate is the total cost of the loan per year. Price determining factors of the nominal interest rate are processing fees, payout rate, repayment rate and principal accounting dates.