The 7 Wonders of the World
Number 7 has played in history and mythology a role – some ancient peoples of the Middle even attributing a mystical force, this belief has been retrieved, like many other traditions, the ancient Greeks, which we find in the history of the expedition include “those seven against the Earth “, on” The seven wise men “also” The Seven Wonders of the World. ” The latter was not created exclusively Greek – great pyramid, for example, was designed and built by the Egyptians (who preceded the Greeks in several important sectors, such as in mathematical thinking), and the Hanging Gardens of Babylon represented an exceptional blend of architecture and irrigation technique practiced in Mesopotamia.
It is clear therefore that there can be no “miracles” in the sense of mythical terminology – so fantastic accomplishments, possibly attributed to supernatural forces, were works of art and architecture, their unusual character, imposing and monumental achievement at a high artistic level, representing demiurgic genius of the ancient world. We say today about an impressive monument worthy of admiration, “is the eighth wonder of the world.”
The first described the monuments as a whole was Philo of Byzantium (end of sec. III BC), but the text or not only keep a Late The Latin translation, Herodotus, Philo before and after Philo, another famous ancient authors – including Diodorus, Strabo, Vitruviu, Pausanias – different monuments described as “Wonders of the World”, ever number seven. Over the centuries, some have been replaced – for example: the walls of Babylon, the Lighthouse of Alexandria. Selection was completed too late (to inc. Sec. XIX) on the following seven: Pyramid of Cheops (Kufuor) to Giseh, of Babylon Hanging Gardens of Babylon, Temple of Diana (Artemis) at Ephesus, the Tomb of Mausol Halicarmas, Statue Zeus at Olympia, the Lighthouse of Alexandria and the Colossus of Rhodes. Of these seven famous monuments of the ancient Pyramid of Cheops (pyramid great) meets three traits designed to arouse particular interest: it is the oldest, is the only one that survived until today and he is tied to a series of controversial issues , over time, especially in the last 150 years have created some hazardous speculation and scientific disputes are often bitter.
No other six monuments are not fully cleared things – first, because we can not precisely define all the elements of the mythical history, and because we can not determine with some probability than techniques used in construction, finally, because in some cases, we forced us to even summarize the assumptions regarding the appearance of such monuments as the literary and iconographic sources (effigies on coins and others) are either poor or conflicting.