Internet scam or fraud refers to the use of Internet services to present fraudulent solicitations to prospective victims, to conduct fraudulent transactions, or to transmit the proceeds of fraud to financial institutions or to others connected with the scheme.
Internet fraud can occur in chat rooms, email, message boards or on websites. *
Types of Internet Scams:
1. Hacking – Hacking includes gaining illegal access into a PC system. The hacking of IP addresses nowadays is very common as it permits the hacker to portray a fake online character and carry out illegal dealings without revealing his real identity.
2. Phishing – Emails sent across to innocent customers and deceive them by making them think that the emails are from genuine internet sites, a legitimate organization or group. Emails are sent from a trusted source which will then trick customers into giving their confidential information such as passwords, PINs, bank account details, personal details, or any other information a scammer needs. Phishing can easily cause identity theft.
3. Identity Theft – Occurs when criminals get a hold of the victim’s personal information through a computer and use it for illegal activity such as gaining access to personal finances, setting up fake bank accounts, or taking out loans in the victim’s name.
4. Cyber Stalking – Following or pursuing a person using the web. It is an obsessive act which harasses and intimidates its victims. In most cases, the victim is unaware that someone is stalking him or her. A cyber stalker can read your emails and watch which sites you view.
5. Website Cloning – Copying a website and using it for illegal activities. Often times website cloning takes place in a chat room or trade sites. Without even knowing it, people unknowingly give information to the criminal or make a “fake” purchase, willingly giving money for a product that does not actually exist.