Thus, a hernia would have a ‘hernial sac’ which would be covered by one or more layers of tissues and at times, the sac might contain parts of the organ as well.
Among the hernias that are seen commonly in clinical practice, hernias related to the groin and umbilicus are rather common and can be corrected through surgical interventions. In milder occurrences or else in instances where surgery is not possible, alternative methods such as ‘hernia belts’ are being used. When considering the overall incidence, the occurrence of hernias can be seen at a higher rate among elderly individuals than among other age categories. Thus, we need to look into possible causes for such variation in order to determine measures to prevent a hernia from occurring among the elderly by reducing the risks, adapting correct practices as well as through life style alterations.
When considering the possible causes, age related weaknesses in the tissue structures can be considered one of the most important contributors. At the same time, weaknesses made due to surgical procedures in the abdominal wall, persistent high pressure situations in the abdominal cavity, adapting bad postures which would direct pressure towards surfaces which are not geared to take such pressures as well as chemically mediated loss of structural integrity of the abdominal wall could also play a major part depending on the susceptibility of each person.
Thus, the methods used in preventing hernia needs to address these issues and therefore should include the following measures.
Avoiding instances in which intra abdominal pressure rises in sudden bouts.
This can happen in instances where an elderly person suffers from long term cough, wheezing conditions, required to strain while passing stools as well as when lifting heavy weights from the ground level in a sudden move. At the same time, being obese would also be a contributing factor towards increased intra-abdominal pressure and therefore would have to be looked at as an area that needs to attend.
Smoking is thought to be contributing to the weakening of the abdominal wall muscles as well as tissues along with making the smokers to cough continuously thus increasing the intra-abdominal pressure. Therefore, such habits needs to be avoided preferably before reaching the age in which the damage might already been done.
Being overweight not only makes an elderly person develop hernias but would make the tone of the abdominal musculature to be low. This would mean that the muscles would easily give in to the pressures that are being built up within and therefore cause hernias to take place.
Do regular exercises
Taking regular exercises such as jogging or walking would do wonders in preventing hernias from taking place and should be one of the daily events among all elderly individuals who are able to do so.
Take a balanced meal
Maintaining adequate amounts of nutrition by adding enough vegetables and fruits would not only improve the nutritional state and thereby the tissue integrity but would also prevent the occurrence of constipation which can necessitate straining to pass stools.
Lastly, it should be remembered that, these are only some measures that can be taken in order to avoid the occurrence of a hernia but, by adhering to these, most instances of hernia in the elderly can be avoided.