The Months

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Ancient Rome was begun by Romulus in 753 B.C. The Western Roman Empire met it’s end in 476 A.D. and the Eastern Roman Empire in 1453 A.D. In between these times Rome ruled many parts of the world, bringing about a sphere of influence that lasts to this day. Even our calenders got many of it’s names and terms from Rome. Every name in the Roman calender had a meaning. Let’s took at look at their significances now.

This month opens the year. Named after the Roman god of beginnings and endings Janus (the month Januarius).

This was a Roman month of sacrifices and purification. The name comes either from the old-Italian god Februus or else from februa, signifying the festivals of purification celebrated in Rome during this month.

Start of year for soldiers (no fighting during winter). This is the first month of the Roman year. It is named after the Roman god of war, Mars.

Called Aprilis, from aperire, “to open.” Most probably because it’s the month in which the buds begin to open.

This is the month when plants really start to grow. The name comes from Maia, the goddess of growth. It’s the third month of the Roman calendar.

The fourth month was named in honor of Juno. However, the name might also come from iuniores (young men; juniors) as opposed to maiores (grown men; majors) for May, the two months being dedicated to young and old men.

It was the month in which Julius Caesar was born, and named Julius in his honor in 44 B.C., the year of his assassination. Also called Quintilis (fifth month).

Originally this month was called Sextilis (from sextus, “six”), but the name was later changed in honor of the first of the Roman emperors, Augustus (because several fortunate events of his life occurred during this month).

The name comes from septem, “seven.” It’s the seven month counting from March. 

The name comes from octo, “eight.” The eighth month counting from March.

The name comes from novem, “nine.” The ninth month (counting from March).

The name comes from decem, “ten.” The tenth month (counting from March). 

Because of their common heritage, the words for the months are very similar in English and Spanish:  

Enero — January
Febrero — February
Marzo — March
Abril — April
Mayo — May
Junio — June
Julio — July
Agosto — August
Septiembre, setiembre — September
Octubre — October
Noviembre — November
Diciembre — December  

No matter in what month you are reading this, I hope that God is blessing and keeping it a great one for you in His name of Jesus.


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