Tax exemption is an amount deducted from the tax payable which reduces the tax base. The exemption limit should not exceed the revenue being taxed, but only the portion exceeding the exemption of income in excess of the allowance.
There are a number of allowances that have been introduced for social reasons, and are also intended to simplify the taxation procedure.
Tax exemptions are awarded on the basis of various factors which include exemption on the sale of businesses, deductions are reduced if the income from the sale exceeds a certain level. Also child allowance, age relief, training allowance, exemption for income from agriculture and forestry, discount allowance, care allowance, and future allowance, etc.
The comprehensive system of tax exemptions for different scenarios has also been criticized. Some sections indicate that tax should not lead to a negative amount of tax which renders the exemption useful only when the income is high enough.
Many individuals who qualify for the discount and for whom these schemes are also designed (especially single parents) have incomes so low that there is no tangible benefits of the discount. Since they can not use the partner system, which could provide significant discounts.
A tax credit is equivalent to an allowance, combined with an equal reduction so that the income is the same. Progressive tax with data disc lengths and rates provides tax credit for everyone with the same advantage, while a tax-free rate is more advantageous for high than low income.
Tax credits on payroll tax comprise general tax (all taxpayers are entitled), earned income (employed taxpayers). The tax credit is a percentage of income from employment and entails an age-dependent maximum. For instance, offers discounts for the disabled, senior citizens discount (65 years and above), unaccompanied elderly discount and the life-rate (rights acquired on a regular life-course record)
Tax exemptions on other taxes are awarded due to work bonus (for those taxpayers 61 years or older), income-dependent combination discount, parental allowance, discount for social investments (occurs for socio-ethical investments). And discount for direct investments in venture capital and cultural investments.
Business tax: partnerships and sole traders will only benefit if their trading profits exceed a stipulated amount. Expenses and lump sums are to be distinguished from tax allowances which have similar objectives and effects.
As regards franchises, it will still be granted if the income exceeds a stipulated amount. A deduction is granted after deduction of expenses, while a flat-rate is eliminated if one wants to make higher claims.
The majority of tax schemes do not tax organizations conducting retirement investment and pension operations for the welfare of workers. On the other hand, a number of systems also render tax exemption for personal pension schemes.