The difference might be due to many reasons such as genetic, nutrition, socio economic status, family support…etc, but, it brings out the fact that, there may be something we can do in order to delay or slow down the process of age related changes manifesting rather early.
During elderly age, one of the major concerns would be the occurrence of ‘fractures’. The incidence of which would be rather high among women as against men of the same age. This can be explained due to lack of estrogen and thus the increased calcium re-absorption from the bones leading to fragile bones among women more often than in men. But, in general, all elderly individuals are prone to develop fractures which would most often be traumatic in nature.
Among the fractures, hip and forearm fractures are rather common and out of which the hip fractures would be the most concerning as it will debilitate the patient and might confine him or her to bed if quick measures are not taken in correcting the fracture. But, in certain instances, undergoing surgery would be rather risky due to certain medical conditions. At the same time, not undertaking a surgery would also be a risk to the life especially in case of fracture neck of the femur. Thus, the importance of preventing these fractures from taking place is highly emphasized.
Therefore, let us take a look at some of the measures that can be adapted in order to prevent fractures in the old age.
-Taking calcium rich foods or supplements from the early parts of the elderly life
This can compensate the need to absorb calcium which are forming the bones and therefore will promote healthy bones during the elderly age.
-Taking meals rich in vegetables and fruits
Vegetables and fruits are rich in anti-oxidents which are suppose to play a major role in removing toxic substances that can lead to bone resorption and therefore proneness to fracture.
-Keeping the walking path clear
If an elderly person is susceptible for falls, it is vital to keep the pathways on which he or she is usually walking clear and devoid of any slipperiness.
These would not only support in keeping the joint muscles strong, it would also help in preventing certain degree of imbalance that may manifest in such individuals. Furthermore, exercises have also shown to maintain the bone health as well.
Apart from these, wearing appropriate slippers, not taking undue risks as well as using a support when walking in uneven surfaces can also be used to prevent falls and therefore fractures in susceptible individuals.