At present, it is estimated that about 50 million Americans are suffering from this disease and among them, 50% of asthma related symptoms would originate due to allergic conditions.
The condition does not have a permanent cure although it can be controlled to a certain extent in many instances. The development of life threatening asthmatic attacks would be rather rare although the necessity for people to be hospitalized for treatment is relatively common.
Children and asthma:
Among the population who are asthmatic and suffer from regular attacks, children makes up a large portion and many of them would be more sensitive to an external triggers or allergens than an adult. Thus, it is possible to note a higher frequency of asthmatic attacks among children as well as more risk of developing severe attacks which would need emergency admission to a hospital.
When a child develop a cold or a cough it is possible for him or her to develop a slight wheezing as well. But, in many instances, such symptoms would disappear as the child grow and may not return back during the rest of the life. But, for others, appearance of asthmatic symptoms in the childhood will indicate a lifelong development of asthmatic attacks which would need some sort of intervention from the beginning itself. In such instances, if an intervention is not done, the frequency of these attacks as well as its severity can go out of hand and more importantly it can disrupt the normal childhood activities including schooling and other play activities to a great extent.
Let us now see some of these interventions which will be useful to reduce the frequency of childhood asthmatic attacks.
Identifying the triggers for your childs asthmatic attach would be the mainstay in its avoidance. Thus, apart from some of the universal trigger factors such as pollens, dust mites…etc, maintaining a symptom diary can reveal the childs response to certain other environmental trigger factors which they come across from time to time.
Apart from maintaining a diary and recognizing the triggers, the environment on which the children are living should be kept clean and dust free by using techniques such as wet mopping, vacuuming, keeping the pets away, properly ventilating, avoiding smoking as well as through other mechanisms.
During the pollen season or else at times of a dusty environment, keeping the children indoors and closing down the windows would be advisable. But, in other instances, allowing proper ventilation is a must and maintaining adequate moisture in the air would also be a useful element to prevent an asthma attack.
Air purifiers are able to control the quality of air and thus would be useful in certain instances as well.
-Continuing medications as prescribed
If the child is found to be sensitive to certain triggers and is susceptible for future asthmatic attacks, the doctors will prescribe medications and the inhalers for long term use. In such instances, neglecting these treatment would be detrimental and thus should not be done unless after receiving advice from your doctor or else if the child develops side effects.
-Engaging in healthy activities
The children who suffer from asthma would be aided by engaging in sports which improves lung function such as swimming and athletics. But, it is vital that the children would be given their medications properly and takes precautions to avoid allergens which they might encounter in such activities. Informing the teachers and the coaches regarding the childs condition beforehand and educating them on what needs to be done in an acute attack would also be useful.
-Providing them with a balanced diet
Children with asthma would require a balanced diet rich in vitamins and minerals which can be met by giving them adequate amount of vegetables and fruits daily.
-Avoiding possibilities of infection
During schooling, at public places or else even at home, avoiding possible contact with persons who are having respiratory infections is a definite help although its implementation is nearly impossible. But, the children can be encouraged to practice universal precautions such as hand washing and would minimize the risk of acquiring such infections.