Lymphoma cancer is a condition that attacks the immune system. The cells otherwise known as lymphocytes are affected. The white blood cells, which aid the body in fighting diseases, are contained in the lymph. When they become cancerous, the body’s immune system goes down and people become prone to attacks by different diseases. This disease is caused by over multiplying of the lymph cells. This is abnormal as these cells increase too fast and form a tumor. In normal situations, the duplication or growth of cells is controlled.
The two types of this cancer are the Hodgkin lymphoma and no-Hodgkin’s lymphoma popularly known as the NHL. These further split into many other types, which stand at thirty in total. The more common of these two is the Hodgkin’s disease. It has a Reed-Sternberg cell that differentiates it from the other cancers. Unlike the other cancers, the Hodgkin’s cancer is limited in how it spreads in the body. It is more concentrated in the lymph nodes. The NHL tends to affect other parts of the body that do not necessarily have the lymph nodes.
The causative factor is not well documented though it is linked to viral infections. It is important to note that some people are more susceptible to lymphoma cancer. It is most common in white males who are older. People with an immune disorder through inheritance are also susceptible. People with AIDS, autoimmune diseases and those who eat lots of fats and meats are also most likely to acquire this cancer. Lymphoma cancer registers itself in the body ion the form of a tumor. These tumors are painless and could appear in the groin, under the armpits or in the neck. People with these lumps will then experience a drastic weight loss, fever, and sweaty nights. Other symptoms will include itching, vomiting, abdominal pain, red patches on the skin as well as nausea. Several tests are done after these symptoms are registered and they confirm if it is lymphoma cancer. The doctor identifies which type of a cancer it is and this helps in prompting the right treatment.
Treatment is done using the chemotherapy procedure. Other procedures used to treat it include bone marrow transplant or radiotherapy. Treatment is dictated by the type of this cancer, its history, and the stage where it is now. Some overgrown cancers are hard to treat. The age of the patient is also important in the treatment process. The doctor first establishes the grade of the lymphoma cancer. If it is low grade, treatment may be put on hold until the cancer registers well. In this case, the symptoms are not pronounced as the cells grow quite slowly making it hard to treat. Once the symptoms have registered themselves, chemotherapy and radiation therapy is introduced. This cancer responds well to treatment though it keeps recurring thus making it incurable. If the cancer is in the intermediate or high grades, the doctor may administer chemotherapy, radiation, or surgery to remove the tumor. This however depends with the stage of the disease. When the therapies are combined, there is a high probability that the treatment will be successful.