Peanuts belong to legume family, just like bean or pea. This plant can grow about 30 to 50 cm tall. India, tropical Africa, and china are the leading producers of peanuts, though it originated from semi-arid areas of brazil. There are many varieties of peanuts, but the most commonly found are the Virginia, Spanish, runner and Valencia. Peanuts are rich in protein and hence are processed into a variety of different forms including peanut butter, peanut oil, flour and flakes.
Peanuts are found in the form of salted, roasted, raw, tangy, spicy, unshelled and are easily available everywhere. They are also called as a “Time pass” snack. They not only taste good, but have lot of health benefits
It is a preferred diet for those people who are engaged in body building and who are weak and under weight.
Peanut is a good source of Coenzyme Q10, which helps to protect the heart during the period of lack of oxygen.
It contains high concentration of antioxidant polyphenols called p-coumaric acid. Roasting peanuts increases its p-coumaric acid levels by as much as 22%.
Unsalted peanuts contain monounsaturated fat that are good for arteries and helps to lower blood cholesterol.
Peanut has high niacin content, that helps in the recovery of cell damage. It also provides protection against Alzheimer’s disease and age related cognitive problem.
Peanuts contain vitamin E, which reduces the risk of cancer and cardiovascular diseases.
Peanuts contain iron, which helps in the correct functioning of red blood cells.
Peanuts contain calcium, which promotes healthy bones and healthy teeth.
Peanut has high bioflavonoid resveratrol content that helps to improve blood flow in the brain by as much as 30%, thus greatly reducing the risk of stroke.
An ounce of peanuts contain 2 grams of fiber, that helps lower the risk of colon cancer.
Peanut accelerates the growth of male and female hormones.
Peanuts help to boost energy level.
If you are suffering from type 2 diabetes, peanuts will help you to control the rate at which your sugar and insulin levels rise after you eat.
People with kidney or gallbladder problems should avoid eating peanuts as it contains oxalates, a substance found in plants, animals and human beings. When this oxalates becomes too concentrated in body fluids, they can cause health problems.