What is a “healthy lifestyle” youth
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1.1. The definition of “health” rights, its components and prerequisites
Modern conceptions of world science on the phenomenon of human health based on a new sense of urgency the problem of human survival in general.
At the end of the twentieth century leaders of the world science zalichyly health problem in the range of global problems whose solution determines the fact of the continued existence of mankind as a species on the planet Zemlya1. Now in circulation there was a new scientific definition – Anthropological katastrofa2, the essence of which is that according to the basic biological law of each biological species dying out, if you change the conditions of existence to which it was adapted in the course of millennia of evolution. In the final stage of human development (to the early twentieth century) the conditions of existence formed nature, and it is these conditions the human body and biologically adapted during the previous evolutionary period. But since a person whose activities covered almost the entire planet (twentieth century), she began to change significantly the conditions of life, which was heavily in its historical and biological rozvytku3. These changes in the last quarter century, as evidenced by Objective research masshtabu4 become catastrophic. According to medical statistics increase mortality and morbidity is observed in the second half of the twentieth century and some scientists connected with a tie that became negative processes of planetary rozmahu5.
The global significance and urgency of the problem resulted in the need of fundamental research of the phenomenon of human health and its components, seeking a positive impact. For this purpose, before the representatives of world science united to bring in international traffic. 1977 WHO initiated the campaign “Health for All” within which the process of collecting and classifying information about the threats to health yu6. According to the results was convened by the International Conference on immediate measures to protect health (Alma-Ata, 1978), which proclaimed the appropriate Deklaratsiyu7. 1980 WHO has defined a global strategy “Health for all by 2000” that was based on the results of studies already conducted and zapochatkovuvala new. The conclusions of scientists presented at I International Conference on health promotion (Ottawa, 1986). Her result was Ottawa Hartiya8 that determined modern scientific understanding of the concept of health, its components, determinants, strategies and impact. The main thesis, the provisions of the Charter principles and imperatives have software that is now governed by the international community to work on health. It is on this ground built theoretical and methodological approach to study indicators of Ukrainian youth national survey on health and healthy lifestyles.
The concept of health. Revealed limited purely medical approach defines health as the absence of disease. According to modern views of health not as a purely medical, but as a complex problem, a complex phenomenon of global importance. That is, health is defined as I ¢ philosophical, social, economic, biological, medical category, as an object of consumption, capital contributions, individual and social value, the phenomenon of systemic, dynamic, constantly interacting with the environment. The state of their own healthcare causes on average only about 10% of the complex influences. The remaining 90% is the environment (20%), heredity (20%), and most of all – the conditions and lifestyle (50%).
Hence in the international community generally accepted definition of health contained in the Preamble of the WHO Constitution (1948): “Health – a state of complete physical, mental and social well-being and not merely absence of disease or physical disability.
In the considered approach, which became the base for the Ukrainian-Canadian project “Youth for Health ¢ I,” there is a wide range of somewhat different approaches to the definition of human health, I ¢. In his work “Social technologies cultivation of a healthy lifestyle lyudyny9 LP Sushchenko conducted fairly detailed analysis of the known views, definitions and approaches to the concept of health, I ¢. In her opinion – is now increasingly confirms the view according to which health ¢ I determined by the interaction of biological and social factors, ie external effects mediated functions and features of their regulatory systems. 10. There is a definition of health as a state I ¢ optimum human life. The scientific paper analyzes more than 200 definitions of “health, I ¢. Discussion on the definition of health ¢ I still ongoing, but it is important to recognize that human health ¢ I is not limited to physical condition, and provides psychoemotional poise, mental and social health, I ¢.
The concept of areas or components of health. World science has developed a holistic view of health as a phenomenon that integrates at least four of his field or components – physical, mental (mental), social (social) and spiritual. All these components are integral-break from each other, they are closely interlocking be liable and that together, collectively determine the state of human health. For convenience of study, research methodology to facilitate the phenomenon of health science differentiates the notion of physical, mental, social and spiritual health. This principle was laid in the differentiation of grouping indicators survey, taking into account the content of each field.
The scope of physical health include such factors as individual characteristics of the anatomical structure of the body, the course of physiological functions in various conditions of rest, movement, environment, genetic heritage of the physical development of organs and body systems.
The scope of mental health services include individual characteristics of mental processes and characteristics of people, such as excitement, emotion, sensitivity. Mental life consists of individual needs, interests, motives, incentives, options, goals, uyav and feelings of others. Mental health is connected with peculiarities of thinking, character and abilities. All these factors determine the components and features of individual reactions to similar life situations, the probability of stress and heat of passion.
Spiritual health depends on the personality of the spiritual world, including components of spiritual culture of mankind – education, science, art, religion and ethics. The consciousness of people, their mentality, life identification, attitude to the meaning of life, assessment of their abilities and capabilities in the context of their ideals and faith – all this causes the state of spiritual health of the individual.
Social health is due to economic factors, relationships with individual structural units of society – his family, organizations that create social ties, work, leisure, lifestyle, social protection, health care, safety, etc. exist. Affect inter-ethnic relations, the significance of the difference in earnings of different social strata, the level of material production, equipment and technology, their contradictory effects on health in general. These factors and elements create a sense of social security (or insecurity), which significantly affects the health of humans. The general form of social health deterministic nature and level of the main areas of public life in a particular environment – economic, political, social, spiritual.
It is clear that in real life, all four components – social, spiritual, physical, mental, and act simultaneously and their integrated impact determines the state of human health as a holistic complex phenomenon.
The concept of health conditions. The basic prerequisites of health attributed by eight factors: peace, shelter, social justice, education, nutrition, income, stable ecosystem, sustainable resources. Those conditions, the presence (absence failure) which in whole or in part was to identify possible means of questioning, reflecting the relevant indicators.
Peace. The concept of peace is understood is the absence of war in the country. Obviously, the absence of peaceful relations in the family, conflicts with surrounding neighbors, at work, where the man, the existence of conflicts in the community or between communities (ethnic, confessional) significantly affect all components of health – physical, mental, spiritual, social .
A roof over your head. The concept of shelter more than the existence of any home. A certain level of living conditions, stability of property relationships, the presence of other factors that create a feeling of confidence in the future to protect personal property from possible troubles of natural or social origin. An important strength of social institutions, which are providing a sense of identity and security of property (law enforcement, disasters, emergencies, etc.).
Social justice, equality, impartiality. The presence of these preconditions health guarantees all citizens equal access to services of social institutions, the level of civil, property, social rights, inability to limit the legal rights and interests of rights by any strong or power structures. The presence of these conditions makes a person feel secure and confident in the future, as well as an equal (within existing legislation) potential in the needs and abilities, finding a decent social status regardless of race, nationality, religion, property, sex, and age determinants. And regardless of the use of these capabilities of specific individuals, the very fact of their presence in society makes a positive impact on individual and public health.