At business centers where there are vehicles constantly entering and exiting the premises, you will always want to be assured that your vehicle is parked safely away from busy traffic. Besides incorporating certain safety measures while designing a parking lot, as the property owner, you also need to ensure the smooth flow of vehicles. Contracting with an experienced Minnesota construction expect will help ease the job of designing a parking, but here are also a few guidelines to get started.
Design and dimensions
. Standard dimensions: Each parking stall should measure nine to ten feet wide. For perpendicular parking, every stall should be 19 feet deep and have a driveway that measures 24 feet wide for a car. In the case of parallel parking, for each car, the curb length should measure 23 feet, while in the customary 60-degree angled parking, a horizontal parking stall should be 21 feet to 21 feet 6 inches deep with an 18-feet wide driveway.
. Dividing parking stalls: When separating parking stalls, it is recommended that you use a single stripe that measure four to six inches wide. In a more efficient design, the divider has two stripes, each 5 inches wide, separated by 1 foot 6 inches of space. The minimum length of a driveway in a parking lot, measures 12 feet in the case of one-way traffic and 20 feet for two-way traffic.
. Designing: While designing a parking lot, parking stalls are not the only consideration, but also lighting, signs, pavements, landscape as well as the type of gravel or stones used.
–> Type of surface: A parking lot that is paved has an impervious surface. This ensures rainwater and snow from infiltrating the soil. Besides, as the velocity, volume and amount of pollutants in runoff decreases, water pollution, in turn, also reduces. If you are planning to have a surface that is permeable, it is recommended that you use either crushed stone, porous modular pavers as well as grass with grids.
–> Curbs and islands: Instead of having elevated curbs around parking lot islands, it is recommended that you install depressed “sumps” with curbs that are slotted or wheel stops. This ensures that the run off makes headway into the detention area of the island’s landscape instead of around it. The landscaped buffers and islands should be designed such that they work as areas for infiltration.
–> Runoff reduction: In order to reduce the volume of runoff as well as provide various benefits, it is recommended that paved surface area be reduced, besides planting trees and shrubs. Paved surface area can be reduced by reducing the dimension of each parking stall by way of offering dedicated compact areas, and promoting shared parking lots.
–> Planting trees and shrubs: Besides beautifying a parking lot, trees and shrubs act as means for infiltration. The leaves, stems and branches of these plants intercept rainwater, which in turn evaporates. Many Minnesota construction companies recommend these as storm water also evaporates from the beds of tall grasses, trees, wildflowers and shrubs. The trees provide shade, making the environment cool and more comfortable for people. This is also cost effective as it involves less paving.
Safety and security
To ensure safety in a parking lot, it is recommended to install CCTV cameras.
By incorporating certain elements into a parking lot, those who use it can greatly benefit. No bottlenecks, quality surfaces and safety measures added by your Minnesota construction company can all ensure a great parking experience.