What Is Menstruation And Problems Related To It

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Menstruating as most of us know is the bodily process that marks the beginning of womanhood.

Menstruating as most of us know is the bodily process that marks the beginning of womanhood. It is shedding of the uterus lining every month and stays with the woman for a greater part of her life. Usually it can become a little uncomfortable but having a regular period means that your reproductive system is working perfectly and is usually sign of good health.

But not everyone has similar period, in the sense, that some have it for longer duration like more that five days while some have it for about three days. It also differs in terms of flow-heavy and light. Some years of experiencing your period, a woman gets to know about her cycle, duration and flow. If there are any sort of disruptions in the regularity, then you ought to know that something is amiss.

Period Problems and What They Mean

1.   PFEMENSTRUAL SYNDROUE (PMS)

Premenstrual syndrome refers to a set of symptoms that some women experience before each period like food craving, headaches, body aches or moods swings. It is not clear why some girls have PMS while other do not. The best way to avoid it is to take a balanced diet with lots of vegetables and fruits. Try to reduce your salt intake as it has the capacity to make you retain water and make you bloated.

2.   PAINFUL PERIODS (DYSMENORRHEA)

It refers to a condition characterized by severe cramps in the abdomen area, lower back pain, nausea, vomiting, fatigue etc. Cramps are most likely caused by chemicals your body produces that make the muscles of the uterus contract. The good news is that cramps usually only last a few days. The best way is to do light exercise, soak your body in warm water or keep a hot water bottle at the affected area to ease out the muscles.

3.   ABSENCE OF PERIODS (AMENORRHEA)

Absence of periods happens either due to excessive exercising or due to genetic or physical abnormality. Anywhere from 5% to 25% of female athletes work out so hard that they stop getting their periods. Called exercise-induced amenorrhea, this phenomenon is particularly common among ballet dancers and runners.

4.   HEAVY PERIODS (MENORRHAGIA)

Heavy periods are caused by hormonal imbalance. When there is excessive bleeding a woman loses iron. This condition may lead her to become anemic. Most women only shed about 2 or 3 tablespoons of blood each month. Those with heavy periods (menorrhagia) can lose 5 or more tablespoons of blood monthly. Signs of anemia include shortness of breath, unusually pale skin, and fatigue.

5.   UNUSUAL VAGINAL BLEEDING

If you’re bleeding between periods, it should be investigated. Causes can range from something such as having an irritated sore in the vaginal area or forgetting to take your birth control pill or cancer. Visit your doctor for an exam.

When to See Your Doctor

  • Your periods used to be regular, but they’ve become irregular.

  • You have not started your period by the time you are 16.

  • You bleed for more than seven days straight.

  • You stopped bleeding for 12 months in a row (menopause) and are now bleeding again.

  • You have bleeding between periods.

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