Savings deposits are deposits with financial institutions that serve as open-ended investment, and there are many forms of savings and these include savings account, savings bond, capital savings scheme, premium savings, and savings plans among others.
As can be expected, savings accounts pay interest but can not be utilized flatly as money, but they simply afford individuals the capacity to reserve part of their financial assets while benefiting from the applicable interests.
The banks have long been able to offer investment products at will under the name of savings. As such, they may only account for deposits within an accounting provision as necessited by special reserve requirements, combined with the prudential principles of liquidity on the balance sheet. The principles provide for different treatment of fixed-term deposits and savings deposits.
There is a legal basis for savings deposits contained in Bank Acts of different countries, and some of the common conditions that apply to the savings deposits, and they must be met before credit may account for certain liabilities as savings deposits. These conditions must be fulfilled cumulatively and they are not intended for payment transactions, they include the issue of an instrument, particularly a savings account, referred to as savings deposits.
They are also not intended for corporations or companies based abroad with similar legal status, unless these entities are non-profit, charitable or religious purposes, etc.
Savings accounts are typically provided by institutions which include commercial banks, credit unions, mutual savings banks and building societies. The savings accounts were initially only covered by a bank book that was used to record all the transactions relating to a given account. The introduction of cards which allow account holders to access money through automated teller machines changed the state of affairs.
In some countries financial institutions may grant the customer the right to dispose of a maximum amount of a fixed amount per calendar month without notice, provided that the savings deposit has a notice period of three months.
In other countries, like the United Kingdom and Burkina Faso, an account that is known as the notice deposit account is available. The account requires the payment of nominal interest premium to be paid, on the condition that an account holder should hand in a ninety days notice for him/her to be in a position to withdraw without being charge a fee.
Frequently, withdrawals can be processed minus the notice by paying off a penalty similar to the interest realized in the course of the notice period. Unlike instant access deposit accounts, that do not involve withdrawal notices.