Scripture Study: The Trinity Doctrine

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Note: As an aid for those who may be unfamiliar with the structure of the Bible, the ° degree symbol indicates that a verse reference is from the Old Testament, and was written more than 400 years before Christ. To read the complete text of the verses, hover the mouse pointer over [bracketed]references until text pops up.
 
1. CHRIST’S IDENTITY IS A MYSTERY, YET CRITICALLY IMPORTANT

  • The God and Savior of Israel hides himself. [°Isaiah 45:15]
  • How God could become human is a great mystery. [I Timothy 3:16]
  • The relationship between God and Christ is a mystery. [Colossians 2:2-4]
  • Christ is mysterious concerning his own identity. [Matthew 16:20]
  • For Thomas, Christ’s divine identity was a revelation from God. [John 20:27-29]

  • CAUTION! You will die in your sins if you believe wrongly concerning Christ’s identity. [John 8:24-28]
  • WATCH OUT! Don’t let anyone mislead you concerning Christ’s divinity! [Colossians 2:8-10]

2. AS GOD, JESUS CHRIST IS WORTHY OF WORSHIP AND PRAYERS

3. GOD’S NAME BELONGS TO JESUS CHRIST

4. PRAYERS MAY BE ADDRESSED TO JESUS CHRIST

5. JESUS CHRIST IS GOD

* No, Thomas did not take the Lord’s name in vain, as some suggest. If he had, Christ would have rebuked him for breaking the Second Commandment, rather than commend him for believing.

6. JESUS CHRIST IS WHAT WE SEE OF GOD, AND IS AN EXTENSION OF THE FATHER

7. GOD PROMISED HE WOULD COME TO REDEEM AND SAVE HIS PEOPLE

  • A messenger would prepare the way for the Lord God himself to come. [°Malachi 3:1 ]
  • A messenger would prepare for the arrival of Jehovah. [°Isaiah 40:3,5]
  • John the Baptist would go in advance before Jehovah’s arrival.[Luke 1:76]
  • John the Baptist prepared the way for the Lord. [Matthew 3:1-3]Also see Mark 1:2,3

  • Jesus would be known as Immanuel, which means “God with us.”[Matthew 1:23]
  • Martha believes that Christ was the promised One who would come. [John 11:27]
  • Christ is the King that would come. [Matthew 2:6]
  • The Redeemer would come to Zion. [°Isaiah 59:20]
  • Jehovah is our Redeemer. [°Isaiah 44:6] Also see °Isaiah 43:1,15, 44:23, 24, 47:4, 48:17, 20, 49:7, 49:26, 52:9, 54:5, 8, 59:20, 60:16, 63:16

  • Redemption came through Jesus Christ. [Romans 3:23,24]
  • Jehovah would come as Savior and personally redeem his people.[°Isaiah 63:7-9]
  • The Father sent his son as Savior of the world. [I John 4:14]

8. THE FATHER, SON, AND HOLY SPIRIT ARE ONE GOD

9. JESUS CHRIST IS BEFORE AND AFTER ALL

10. JESUS CHRIST IS ABOVE ALL

11. IT WAS NECESSARY FOR GOD TO DIE

The word for ‘covenant’ in Hebrews 8:8 and 9:6 is the Greek word ‘diatheke’ which can also be interpreted ‘will’ or ‘testament’.

  • God promised to make a new covenant with Israel. [Hebrews 8:8]
  • It was necessary for the maker of the covenant to become flesh and die. [Hebrews 9:16]

12. JESUS CHRIST IS THE ARM OF JEHOVAH GOD

13. JEHOVAH’S ARM, THE LORD HIMSELF, JESUS CHRIST WILL BE SEEN ON THE DAY OF THE LORD

  • The arm of Jehovah will come with the clouds on the Day of the Lord. [°Isaiah 30:30]

  • The Lord himself will descend on the Day of the Lord. [I Thessalonians 4:16]
  • Men will see Jesus Christ coming with the clouds on the Day of the Lord. [Matthew 24:30]

14. JESUS CHRIST IS THE COMING KING

  • Rejoice! The Lord God is the coming king, and he will bring peace.[°Zephaniah 3:14-15]
  • Rejoice! The Messiah is the coming king. He will ride on a donkey, and will bring peace. [°Zechariah 9:9-10]
  • The people rejoice as Jesus, their king, comes riding on a donkey.[John 12:14-15] Also, see Matthew 21:5.

  • The Wise Men called Jesus the King of the Jews. [Matthew 2:1-2]
  • Jesus is the prophesied King who would arrive sitting on a donkey.[Matthew 21:5]
  • The King is the Son of the Father. [Matthew 25:34]

15. NO ONE IS LIKE GOD.  

16. JESUS CHRIST IS LIKE GOD

17. GOD / JESUS CHRIST IS THE BRIDEGROOM OF THE PEOPLE OF GOD

18. AS GOD, JESUS CHRIST CHOSE SERVANTHOOD, WITH HUMAN LIMITATIONS

  • Jesus Christ is the Arm of Jehovah. (see section 15, above)

  • Like an arm or a slave, Christ could do nothing on his own initiative. [John-5:19]
  • Just as the body is greater than the arm, so the Father is greater than the Son. [John 14:28]
  • A slave is not greater than his master. [John 15:20]
  • Jesus Christ existed in God’s form but became a slave and a human.[Philippians 2:5-7]
  • Christ was limited in strength, and experienced temptation, hunger and tiredness as a man. [Hebrews 4:15]
  • Christ is our example. [1 Peter 2:21]
  • As a man, God the Father was Christ’s God, just as He is our God.[John 20:17]
  • Jesus Christ was truly a man, and therefore qualifies to represent us before God. [1 Timothy 2:5]
  • Without a word from the Father, Christ was limited in knowledge.

19. JESUS CHRIST IS CREATOR, AND ALL THINGS WERE MADE FOR HIM

20. TITLES OF JESUS CHRIST PROCLAIM HIS DIVINITY

21. THE HOLY SPIRIT IS THE LIVING GOD

These verses counter the arguments of those who claim that the Bible teaches that the Holy Spirit is nothing more than a force – a belief promoted by those who argue against the Trinity doctrine.

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