As the likelihood of the victim being in a remote place is a possibility, the first aid kit should support the patient till emergency medical teams arrive or else till such time the victim is being taken to the emergency medical unit.
As the person would be traveling in difficult terrain, the first aid pack should be portable and light weight for it to be easily carried through. Thus, the kit will not allow packing all possible first aid material but only the essential ones. At the same time, the expiry dates of these items should be checked before it is packed and in case the packs are prepared long before, the items within should be checked for its soundness. Due to the possibility of falls and exertion of pressure even over the first aid kit, it should be enclosed in a durable and a strong bag that will resist such pressures during the hike.
So, let us now see the areas that need attention when it comes to preparing first aid packs for hiking and the material and medications that need to be included for each such area.
Injuries are relatively common in hiking and it may vary from a cramp to a more severe wound or even a fracture. Although all such injuries cannot be addressed in a first aid pack, following are possible inclusions.
-Bandage or sterile gauze rolls
-Moist and antibacterial wipes or antiseptic solutions
-Several sizes of plasters, steri-strips and wound cover slips
These medications should address common problems that can be encountered during a hike and may vary from person to person as there may be other medical conditions which would require specific first aid measures. As such, following medications would be rather useful,
-Brufen or acetaminophen for pain relief
-Non sedative antihistamine to relieve conditions such as nasal congestion, allergic reactions and itching following insect bites.
-Medications to relieve vomiting and possible diarrheal diseases.
-Drugs depending on existing medical conditions such as diabetes, asthma, angina…etc.
-Carrying an epi-pen would also be useful in case of severe allergic reactions.
It would be rather useful to carry moleskin as there is a possibility of developing blisters during the hiking. At the same time, cold packs would be useful for blunt injuries and joint injuries that may follow wrong footing, strain or else after a fall. As the terrain on which a person travel can have many hazards as well as unfriendly environments, it may be worthwhile carrying a blanket in the first aid kit as well. Lastly, making use of a first aid guide book would not be a bad idea as well.