Therefore, careful planning of what to include in the first aid kit would be a job for the professionals.
According to research, about 58% of all health related complaints by airline passengers is related to heart ailments such as angina, gastro intestinal disturbances as well as syncope. Less commonly, there is certain proportion of travelers complaining of sleep disturbances, signs related to mild oxygen deprivation, anxiety, barotraumas…etc and would require attention when preparing the first aid kit as well. Encounters with traumatic injuries or wounds would be rare within the airplane but the possibilities of such injuries among the crew members would be relatively common.
At the same time, the first aid kit should be portable enough to carry to places as the airplane is a cramped out place which might not allow handling bulky first aid kits.
When looking at these aspects, following material can be suggested to be included in the first aid kit which is prepared for an aircrafts.
-Antibacterial solutions or else wipes which are impregnated with antibacterial substances.
-A saline solution in case it is required for cleaning of wounds.
-Tools and bandages for dressing a simple wound which should ideally include bandage scissors, gauze rolls, adhesive bandages, sterile gloves…etc.
-Antibiotic ointments which cover most of the bacteria.
-Masks and resuscitation equipment including an ambu bag in case a person had to be given CPR.
-Medications to relieve simple headaches or body aches such as acetaminophen, brufen…etc.
-Anti-emetic agents to relieve gastro-intestinal derangements such as vomiting, cramping discomfort…etc.
-Anti-anginal medications to be given as emergency treatment in case of a chest pain related to heart. GTN tablets or spray, aspirin…etc would also be useful in relevant instances.
-Sugar drinks such as glucose solutions in vials along with a glucometer with strips would be useful in detecting a person with low blood sugar and give adequate sugar to prevent major complications.
-Drugs to counter act acid symptoms of the stomach.
-Antihistamine medications to be used in case of mild allergic reactions.
-Eye drops, most often natural tears or isotonic solutions in order to be used in dry eye conditions.
-Medications that can be used for diarrhea diseases including oral re-hydration solutions.
Apart from these, oxygen supply should be at hand along with adequately trained staff to administer the medications or procedures of first aid. The bag or the case that holds the first aid material needs to be easily identifiable and stored in a place where it can be easily reachable. Finally, it is important to check all the items which can get expired from time to time to see if they have actually done so and to replace them with new first aid items.