Various studies have shown that most people, who have cardiac diseases, known to have poor lifestyle practices. Some of these factors are modifiable and can be prevented. Among of these common modifiable factors are diet, smoking, stress, and alcohol intake. A poor nutritional intake and eating a large amount of fats and carbohydrates might lead to high blood cholesterol levels and increased blood sugar levels. Considering that many people don’t know the important effects of proper diet into our body systems. Part of this, eating a well balanced diet high in essential nutrients that contains high-density lipoproteins (HDLs) or “good cholesterol” will help prevent the development of cardiac related diseases. High-density lipoprotein (HDLs) has a protective effect in preventing Coronary Artery Disease (CAD).
Moreover, proper exercise will promote good blood circulation, and low-fat diet increases HDL levels. Thus, it reduces the likelihood of cardiac diseases. Smoking, especially of cigarettes, is also one of the major factors affecting cardiac health. It doesn’t only affect the circulatory system itself, but also affect the whole system of the body. It alters the oxygen levels in the myocardium (cardiac muscles) by increasing the levels of carbon monoxide in the blood, hence; limiting its function to pump blood into surrounding tissues and into diverse parts of the body. Current facts have been publicized that people who quit from smoking, rapidly decreases its risk from developing serious problems with regards to cardiac health.
Stress, on the other hand, have been acquainted with the development of Coronary Artery Disease (CAD). According to Bullock and Henze, on their book “Focus on Pathophysiology”, stated that; “Environmental stress and type A behavior pattern, characterized by competitiveness, impatience, aggressiveness, and time urgency, has yet to be convincingly documented as causative in CAD”. In addition,”Stressful life events, job problems, limited social support, and lifestyle changes have all been associated with increased incidence of CAD, although the mechanisms are unknown”. Stress management is one way to fight against stress by having adequate rest and sleep, as well as providing you a soothing mind. Performing methods of stress reduction such as biofeedback and relaxation techniques will greatly help manage stress.
Aside from diet, smoking and stress, there is one more significant factor that affects the cardiac health, which is alcohol intake. Alcohol intake has been associated in elevating blood pressure and other risk behaviors. Drinking alcoholic beverages might put you in the development of certain cardiac diseases that might lead to serious problems. It affects the entire body and mainly the liver of a person. A person who had a history of alcoholism have a dramatic significance in the development of cardiac diseases. “Prevention is better than cure”, as what many people say. Proper diet, cessation of smoking, adequate rest and sleep, drink adequate water, proper exercise, and avoiding alcohol beverages, are somewhat the best way to protect yourself against diseases that may arise.