The Canadians live by hunting, trapping, lumbering, fishing, agriculture, mining and, of course, manufacturing. It is the manufacturing sector that absorbs the bulk of the labor force.
In the vast cold wasteland of the north, seal, fox and bear are hunted. Fur animals like fox, squirrel, ermine, musk-rat, mink, etc, are found in the coniferous forests. They are trapped and killed of late; numerous farms have sprung up whose main task is the leading fur market.
Canada’s forests are among her greatest natural resources. Stretching across the continent in an unbroken belt, 950 to 2,100 kilometers wide, they provide raw material for the great lumber, pulp and paper industries. The chief trees are spruce, Douglas fir, hemlock, cedar, pine and balsam fir.
Felling of trees is done by the lumberjacks in autumn and early winter. In late winter, the longs are dragged easily over the snow by means of rectors to river banks. In spring, the river, swollen by melting snow, transport the logs to the pulp or saw mills. The production of and paper is one of the leading manufacturing industries in Canada.
Fishing is an important economic active in Canada. On the eastern and western coasts, vast quantities of the coast of Newfoundland make one of the world finest fishing grounds known as the Grand Banks. Cod is the main catch on the Grand Blanks while Salmon is important on the pacific coast. Large processing plants have been set up in Newfoundland and Nova Scotia. Canada is one of the world’s largest exporters.