These stimuli are often know as ‘triggers’ and would have a different level of influence on each patient.
What is the underlying mechanism of an ‘asthmatic attack’?
When these triggers act on the respiratory tract of an asthmatic patient, it will give rise to an inflammatory response and would make the walls of the air passages to swell. At the same time, the muscles in the airway walls will constrict and would cause further narrowing of these passages. In combination, these two effects will cause the patient to breath with more effort as normal breathing would no longer be able to deliver adequate amounts of oxygen, especially in case of exertion.
What is the link between exercises and asthma?
Due to the hypersensitivity of the air passages in an asthmatic patient, rapid changes in the airflow, its humidity level or dryness as well as the temperature can trigger an asthma attack. At the same time, the environmental factors such as high pollen density and the dust can also trigger such episodes. For certain asthmatic individuals, the exertion itself will induce an asthma attack which leads to the condition ‘exercise induced asthma’.
How to minimize asthma attacks during exercises?
One of the first things an asthmatic patient should do before engaging in exercises would be to make sure they are 100% fit. Partial wellness would not be the best circumstance for such a patient to engage in exercises and in case of recovery, the process of re-engaging in exercises should be a gradual one.
Apart from this, some of the other measures of reducing the incidence of an asthmatic attack would be,
-Avoid cold winter weathers and do indoor exercises in such instances.
-Wear protective clothing such as scarf’s, ear plugs, masks…etc, if outdoor exercises in cold weather is unavoidable.
-Do your warming up for at least 10 minutes before engaging in exercise activities.
-Engage in exercises or sports activities with short bursts of exertion which will be followed by some time for rest. Activities which allow you to pace your exercises will also be useful.
-In case there is a possibility of exercise induced asthma, a bronchodilator medication can be taken prior to the event after instructed by a medical practitioner.
-Do not continue with the exertion after feeling breathless.
-Make sure the body is kept hydrated during the entire session and keeping drinking water at hand would be highly recommended.
What should be done in case of exercise induced asthma?
The activity should be stopped and the patient can be given the inhaler medications which are already being prescribed by his or her doctor. The person should be taken away from the cold and dry weather conditions and warm cloths should be worn. If the wheezing and breathlessness does not seem to settle, he or she should be taken to a medical facility as soon as possible.