Tuesday, December 12

Deuteronomy (The Second Copy of The Law) Chapters 21-26

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    21[1-4] If someone is found killed in the land which Yahweh your God gives you for your own, lying in the field, and it isn’t known who has attacked them; then your elders and your judges will come forth, and they’ll measure to the cities which are around the one who’s been killed and the elders of that city which is nearest to the killed one will take a cow of the herd, which hasn’t been worked with or pulled a yoke; and the elders of that city will bring down the cow to a valley with a running creek, which isn’t used for farming, and will break the cow’s neck there in the valley.

     [5-9] The priests, the sons of Levi, will come near because they’ve been chosen by Yahweh your God to minister to God, and to bless in the name of Yahweh; and every argument and every fight will be decided by them. All the elders of that city, who are nearest to the killed one, will wash their hands over the cow whose neck was broken in the valley; and they’ll say, “Our hands haven’t shed this blood, nor have our eyes seen it. Forgive, Yahweh, your people Israel, whom you’ve freed, and don’t let your people Israel be guilty of innocent blood.” Then the blood will be forgiven them. So you’ll put away the innocent blood from you, when you do what’s right to Yahweh.

     [10-14] When you go to battle against your enemies, and Yahweh your God gives them into your power, and you take them captive, and see among the captives a beautiful woman, and you want her, and would take her as a wife; then you’ll bring her home to your house; and she’ll shave her head, and cut her nails; and she’ll take off her clothing that she was captured in, and will stay in your house, and mourn her family a full month. After that you can have sex with her, and be her husband, and she’ll be your wife. If you don’t like her, then you’ll let her go wherever she wants to; but don’t sell her at all for money. Don’t deal with her as a slave, because you’ve disgraced her.

     [15-17] If someone has two wives, one loved, and the other hated, and both the loved and the hated have had children; and if the firstborn child belongs to the one who was hated; then when the children inherit what the father has, he may not make the child of the loved get the inheritance of the firstborn over the child of the hated, who’s the firstborn. He’ll acknowledge the firstborn, the child of the hated, by giving that child a double part of everything; for the firstborn is the first of his strength and has the right of the firstborn.

     [18-21] If someone has a stubborn and rebellious child, who won’t obey the parents, and though they discipline the child, the child won’t listen to them; then the parents will bring the child to the elders of the city, to a public place and tell the elders of the city, “This child is stubborn and rebellious, and won’t obey our voice and is worthless, and lives for pleasure.” Then everyone of the city will put the child to death. So you’ll put away the evil from you; and all Israel will hear, and fear that judgment.

     [22-23] If someone has done a sin worthy of death, and they’re put to death by hanging; the body won’t be left hanging all night, but you’ll without a doubt bury it the same day because the one who’s hanged is cursed by God. Do this so that you don’t make your land unfit which Yahweh your God gives you for your own.

     22[1-4] Don’t watch another’s bull or sheep go astray, and look the other way. You’ll without a doubt bring them back. If they don’t live near you, or if you don’t know them, then you’ll bring it home to your house until they come after it, and then you’ll give it back. Do this with a donkey as well; and with a piece of clothing; and anything else that’s lost by someone that you’ve found.  You may not look the other way. Don’t see your kin’s donkey or his bull fallen down somewhere, and look the other way. Without a doubt, you’ll help it get up again.

     [5] A woman won’t wear men’s clothing, nor will a man wear women’s clothing; for whoever does these things does a wrong to Yahweh God.

     [6-7]If you find a bird’s nest before you somewhere, in a tree or on the ground, with young ones or eggs, and the hen sitting on the young, or on the eggs, don’t take the hen with the young. Without a doubt, let the hen go, but you may take the young for yourself; that it may be well with you, and that you may prolong your days.

     [8] When you build a new house, make a rail around your roof, so that you won’t be guilty of blood, if anyone falls from there.

     [9-10] Don’t plant your garden with two kinds of seed, in case the seed which you’ve planted, and what the garden would have made be lost. Don’t plow with a bull and a donkey together.

     [11-12] Don’t wear clothing with wool and linen mixed together. Make tassels on the four corners of your outer clothing.

     [13-17] If a man takes a wife, and has sex with her, and hates her, and says shameful things about her, and gives her a bad name, and says, I married this woman, and when I came to her, she wasn’t a virgin; then the parents of the young lady will bring the sheet of the young lady’s virginity to the elders of the city in the gate; and the young lady’s father will tell the elders, “I gave my daughter to this one to wife, and he hates her; and has said shameful things about her, saying, ‘She wasn’t a virgin;’ and yet here is the sheet of my daughter’s virginity.” And they’ll spread the sheet before the elders of the city.

     [18-21] Then the elders of that city will take the man and punish him; and fine him one hundred silver dollars, and give them to the father of the young lady, because he has brought a bad name on a virgin of Israel. She’ll be his wife and he may never divorce her. But if it’s true, that the sheet of her virginity were not found for the young lady; then they’ll bring the young lady to the door of her father’s house, and the men of her city will put her to death, because she’s done wrong in Israel, to act like a prostitute in her father’s house. So you’ll put away the evil from you.

     [22-27] If a man is found lying with a married woman, then both the man who slept with the woman and the woman will die. So put away the evil from Israel. If there’s a young lady who’s a virgin that’s promised to be married to a husband, and another man finds her in the city, and has sex with her; then you’ll bring them both out to a public place of that city, and put them to death; the lady, because she didn’t scream for help, being in the city; and the man, because he’s disgraced another man’s promised wife. So put away the evil from you. But if a man finds a lady who’s promised to be married out in the countryside, and forces her to have sex; then only he will die. Do nothing to her because she’s done no sin worthy of death. This matter is like when someone comes against another to kill them because he found the lady who was promised to be married out in the countryside, but when she screamed for help there was no one there to save her.

     [28-29] If a man finds a lady who’s a virgin, but who’s not promised to be married, and has sex with her, and they’re caught; then the one who lay with her will give to the lady’s father fifty silver dollars, and she’ll be his wife, because he has disgraced her and he may never divorce her.

     [30] A man won’t have sex with his stepmother or any other woman that belongs to his father.

     23[1-2] A man who’s wounded in the testicles, or has his private part cut off, won’t go into the assembly of Yahweh. An illegitimate child won’t go into the assembly of Yahweh; even to the tenth generation will none of their children go into the assembly of Yahweh.

     [3-5] An Ammonite or a Moabite won’t go into the assembly of Yahweh; even to the tenth generation will none belonging to them go into the assembly of Yahweh forever, because they didn’t meet you with bread and water when you came out of Egypt, and because they hired Balaam the son of Beor from Pethor of Mesopotamia, against you to curse you. But Yahweh your God wouldn’t listen to Balaam and turned the curse into a blessing for you, because Yahweh your God loved you. So don’t try to make peace with them nor help them at all, forever.

     [7-8] Don’t hate an Edomite; for they are your kin. Don’t hate an Egyptian, because you lived as a foreigner in their land. The people who are born of the third generation to them will go into the assembly of Yahweh.

     [9-14] When you go against your enemies, then keep from everything that’s evil. If there’s anyone among you, who’s not fit because of something that happened at night, then they’ll go out of the camp, and not come back. But when evening comes at sun down, they’ll take a bath and come back to camp. Also, have a place outside of camp, where you’ll go to relieve yourself. Have a shovel among your weapons and when you sit down, dig a hole, and cover up your waste, because Yahweh your God walks with you in your camp to save you, and to give your enemies into your power. So your camp will be holy, that God may not see anything unfit in you, and turn away from you.

     [15-16] Don’t give back a worker who ran away from the owner to you. They’ll live with you, wherever they want to live on your property. Don’t abuse them.

     [17-18] Don’t let there be prostitutes among the daughters of Israel, nor let there be homosexuals among the sons of Israel. Don’t bring the money of a prostitute, or a homosexual, into the house of Yahweh your God for any promise because both of these are wrong to Yahweh your God.

     [19-20] Don’t lend on interest to your kin; interest of money, interest of food, interest of anything that’s lent on interest. You may lend to a foreigner on interest, but don’t lend to your kin on interest, so that Yahweh your God may bless you in all that you do in the land where you go to take for your own.

     [21-23] When you make a promise to Yahweh your God, don’t neglect to do it, because Yahweh your God will, without a doubt, hold you responsible for it; and it would be a sin to you not to keep it. But if you don’t make any promises, you won’t sin. Whatever you say you’ll keep and do; just as you’ve promised to Yahweh your God, an offering of your own freewill, which you’ve promised with your own mouth.

     [24-25] When you come into someone’s vineyard, then you may eat your fill of grapes at your own pleasure; but don’t take any away with you. When you come into someone’s garden, then you may pick the crop with your hand; but don’t go in to use a tool to harvest their crop.

     24[1-4] When someone takes a wife, and marries her, then if she isn’t loved, because he has found something wrong with her, then he’ll write her a bill of divorce, and give it to her, and send her out of his house. When she has left his house, she may go and be another man’s wife. If the latter husband hate her, and write her a bill of divorce, and give it to her, and send her out of his house; or if the latter husband die, who took her to be his wife; her first husband, who sent her away, may not take her again to be his wife, after she’s been made unfit; for that’s wrong to Yahweh. Don’t cause the land to sin, which Yahweh your God gives you for your own.

     [5] When someone takes a new wife, he’ll not go out in the army, nor will he be given a job to do, but he’ll be free at home one year, and will make the wife he has taken happy.

     [6] No one will take what someone needs to make a living for a promise; then you would take someone’s life for a promise.

     [7] If someone is found taking any of his kin of the people of Israel, and treats them as a slave, or sells them; then that thief will die. So put away the evil from you.

     [8-9] Be careful with the disease of leprosy, that you carefully keep, and do all that the priests, the Levites, teach you. Just as I told them, so you’ll do. Remember what Yahweh your God did to Miriam, on the way as you came out of Egypt.

     [10-13] When you lend someone any kind of loan don’t go into their house to get what was promised. You’ll stand outside, and the one to whom you lend will bring out what was promised to you. If it’s a poor person, don’t keep their property overnight; you’ll without a doubt give back what they own when the sun goes down, so that they may have use of it, and bless you: and you will be thought of as good by Yahweh your God.

     [14-15] Don’t abuse hired workers who are poor and needy, whether they are your kin or a foreigner who is in your land where you live.  Give them what they earn each day, and don’t let the sun go down on it because they are poor, and set their heart on it: in case they cry against you to Yahweh. It’s sin to you.

     [16] The parents won’t be put to death for the children, nor will the children be put to death for the parents, but every one will be put to death for their own sin.

     [17-18] Don’t judge wrongly in the case of a foreigner, or an orphan, nor take the death survivor’s clothing for a promise; but remember that you were workers in Egypt, and Yahweh your God freed you there: so I tell you to do this.

     [19-21] When you gather in your harvest, and have forgot a sheaf in the field, don’t go back to get it, but leave it for the foreigner, the orphan, and the death survivor; so that Yahweh your God may bless you in all that you do. When you beat your olive tree, don’t go over the branches again, but leave what’s left for the foreigner, the orphan, and the death survivor. When you gather the grapes of your vineyard, don’t pick it again afterwards. Leave it for the foreigner, the orphan, and the death survivor.

     [22] Remember that you were workers in the land of Egypt. This is why I tell you to do this.

     25[1-3] If there’s an argument between two people, and they come to judgment, and the judges judge them; then they’ll justify the one who’s right, and punish the one who’s wrong. If the one who’s wrong deserves to be beaten, the judge will make them lie down, and be beaten in front of him, the number of times the wrong deserves. He may give no more than forty stripes; in case, if he should go over this, and give many more stripes, then you would be ashamed of one of your people.

     [4] Don’t keep the bull from eating from the grain when it works in it.

     [5-10] If brothers live together, and one of them dies, and has no children, the wife of the dead won’t be married outside the family to a stranger, but her brother-in-law will marry her, and have sex with her, and do the duty of a brother-in-law to her, so that the firstborn whom she has will take the name of the one who died, so that his name won’t be lost to Israel. If the brother-in-law doesn’t want to take his brother’s wife, then his brother’s wife will go to a public place before the elders, and say, “My brother-in-law refuses to give me a child in his brother’s name for Israel; he won’t do the duty of a husband’s brother to me.” Then the elders of the city will call him, and speak to him and if he still says, “I don’t want to take her; then his brother’s wife will come to him along with the elders, and shame him, and spit in his face; and say, “So it will be done to the one who doesn’t build up his brother’s family.” And his name will be called in Israel, “The house of him who has been shamed.”

     [11-12 ] When men fight with one another, and the wife of one comes to save her husband from the one who’s fighting him, and puts out her hand and grabs him by the private part; then you’ll cut off her hand, and have no pity.

     [13-16] Don’t practice dishonesty either in business or at home. Be fair so that your days may be long in the land which Yahweh your God gives you. For all who do dishonest things, do evil, and are wrong to Yahweh God.

     [17] Remember what Amalek did to you on the way as you came out of Egypt; how he met you on the way, and attacked all of those who were in the rear, all those who were weak who fell behind you, when you were faint and tired; and he didn’t fear God. So when Yahweh your God has given you rest from all your enemies around in the land which Yahweh your God gives you for your own, wipe Amalek’s memory from off the face of the earth; Don’t forget.

     26[1-10] When you come into the land which Yahweh your God gives you for your own, and take ownership of it, and live in it, take of the first of all the fruit of the ground, which you bring in from your land that Yahweh your God gives you; and put it in a basket, and go to the place which Yahweh your God chooses for God’s name to be. Come to the priest who will rule at that time, and tell him, “I say today to Yahweh my God, that I’m come to the land which Yahweh promised to our ancestors to give us.” The priest will take the basket out of your hand, and set it down before the altar of Yahweh your God. Then say before Yahweh your God, “My father was a Syrian ready to die; and he went down into Egypt, and stayed there, few in number; and he became a nation there, great and strong, with many people. The Egyptians treated us badly and troubled us, and gave us hard work to do: and we cried to Yahweh, the God of our ancestors, and Yahweh heard our voice, and saw our troubles, hard work, and abuse; and Yahweh brought us out of Egypt with great power, and force, and with great terror, and with signs, and with amazing things; and he has brought us into this place, and has given us this land, a land full of milk and honey. Now, See, I’ve brought the first of the fruit of the ground, which you, Yahweh, have given me.” Then you’ll set it down before Yahweh your God, and worship Yahweh God.

     [11-15] Be happy in all the good which Yahweh your God has given to you and your family, you, and the Levite, and the foreigner who’s with you. When you’ve given ten percent of what you have in the third year, which is the year when this is done, then you’ll give it to the Levite, the foreigner, the orphan, and the death survivor, that they may eat where you live, and be filled. You’ll say before Yahweh your God, “I’ve brought the holy things out of my house, and have given them to the Levite, the foreigner, the orphan, and the death survivor, according to all Your judgments which you’ve told me: I haven’t disobeyed any of your Laws, nor have I forgotten them. I haven’t eaten of it when in mourning, nor have I taken any of it for use when unfit, nor given any of it for the dead. I’ve listened to the voice of Yahweh my God; I’ve done all that you’ve told me. Look down from your holy place in heaven, and bless your people Israel, and the ground which you’ve given us, as you promised to our ancestors, a land full of milk and honey.”

     [16-19] Today Yahweh your God tells you to do these laws and rules, so keep and do them with all your heart, and with all your soul. You’ve told Yahweh today to be your God, and said that you would follow God’s ways, and keep God’s laws, judgments, and rules, and listen to God’s words: and Yahweh has told you today to be a people worthy to be called God’s own, as was promised you, and that you should keep all God’s Laws. So God will put you high above all nations that God has made, in praise, in name, and in honor, so that you may be a holy people to Yahweh your God, just as God said.

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