AUTHENTIC ACTIONS AND BENEFITS
Fasting on the day of Aashoora (10th Muharram)
The Holy Prophet (s.a.w.) said: “Observe the fast of Aashoora and oppose (the way of the Jews), fast a day before it also or a day after, meaning the 9th and 10th or 10th and 11th (Sunan al-Kubra of Baihaqi vol.4 pg. 287) – (Talkheesul Habeer vol.2 pg 214)
Hazrath Ibne Abbas (R.A.) says: “I did not see the Messenger of Allah Ta’aala anxiously await the fast of any day, which he gave preference to over other days, but this day i.e. the day of Aashoora and this Month i.e. the Month of Ramadaan.” (Sahih Bukhari vol. 1 pg 268)
The Prophet (s.a.w.) said: “ The fast of Aashoora is a compensation for the sins of the past year. i.e. the sins of one year that has just gone by will be forgiven.” (Sahih Muslim vol. 1 pg 368)
The Prophet (s.a.w.) said: “He who will be generous on his family on the day of Aashoora, Allah will be generous on him for the entire year.”
(The above Hadith is transmitted by Tabrani, Baihaqi in his book “Ash-Shuab “ and Fadaail-ul-Awqaat” having being narrated by Hazrath Ibne Masood (R.A)., Hafiz Suyuti in “Ad-Durar” (Shaami vol. 2 pg 155)
The significance of Aashoora is attributed to many customs, occurrences and events, most of which are not proven from any authentic sources. Listed below are some examples of fabrications:
1.The person who applies Surmah on the day of Aashoora will not have sore eyes for the entire year.
2.The person who bathes on this day will not fall ill till the next year.
3.Performing of two Rakaats of Salaah with specific Surahs and Dua’s for attaining special virtues.
4.Adam (a.s.) was forgiven on this day.
5.Ebrahim (a.s.) was removed from the fire on this day.
6.Ismaeel (a.s.) was saved from being sacrificed on this day.
7.Yousuf (a.s.) was returned to Yacoob (a.s.) on this day.
8.A special day to mourn the Martyrdom of Sayedena Husain (R.A.) (one must remember that the significance of Aashoora was from the time of the Prophet (s.a.w.) whilst Sayedena Husain (R.A.) was Martyred more than fifty years after the death of the Holy Prophet (s.a.w.)