Hair breakage can occur for a multitude of reasons. Improper brushing, excessive chemical processing, and poor health and nutrition are usually the main culprits. Regardless of the reason for hair breakage, it is a very frustrating situation for millions of women, and even some men. Fortunately, most cases of hair breakage can be dealt with easily and inexpensively. This first step is to identify the cause of hair breakage.
Most cases of hair breakage are physical, rather than chemical. This means that the damage to the hair is caused by physical actions, like brushing or combing the hair, or by pulling the hair up into a ponytail. If you are experiencing breakage and have otherwise healthy hair that is free from chemical damage, then it is a pretty good bet that the breakage has a physical cause. Avoid using elastic or rubber bands when putting hair into a ponytail, as this will cause breakage. Also avoid inferior quality combs and brushes. When brushing the hair, start at the ends and work your way towards the scalp, and always remember that wet hair is much more vulnerable to breakage than dry hair, so extra care shoud be taken when combing wet hair.
Hair breakage caused by chemical processing is another common problem. This can be caused by improperly mixing or applying hair dyes and perms or by by exposing the hair to chemicals too often. When done properly, and in the hands of a qualified professional, coloring or perming the hair should not result in breakage. To protect chemically-treated hair against potential breakage, it is imperative to use quality shampoos, conditioners, and styling products.
Let’s also not forget about thermal damage, which occurs as a result of blowdrying the hair and by styling tools like curling irons and flat irons. Thermal damage, though technically not considered a physical form of damage, is the result of direct exposure to heat. Hair that is fine is more prone to breakage as a result of thermal damage than hair that is thick or coarse. Protecting the hair by using a heat protection spray prior to blowdrying or ironing will help reduce the risk of breakage. Using styling tools which utilize ionic technology will also help protect the hair.
Finally, the last major cause of hair breakage is poor nutrition. Those who are on a low-fat diet are often plagued by hair breakage. The same is also true, though to a lesser extent, when caloric intake is severely restricted. If you suspect that dieting or poor nutrition may be the cause of your hair breakage, simply increasing you caloric intake or fat consumption will almost always improve the health of the hair.