Corporate world is too stressful. Lots of competition has emerged in the current scenario. So human resource also includes management of stress .for this one needs to understand stress.
Stress is a state of tension experienced by individuals facing extraordinary demands, constraints and opportunities. The pressures of every day life plus the stress encountered at a job creates imbalance in the emotional well being of the individual. This is called stress. Contrary to popular belief, stress is not always troublesome. Stress is necessary to lead a challenging and fulfilling life. People are kept on their toes .stress also make a person more production. Absence of stress in life makes us complacent. Life becomes dull and monotonous. Mundane activities devoid of stress take the color out of life. But the term “stress” is taken in a negative context in most cases. This type of stress is the result of unachievable targets, obstacles and over demanding nature.
Kinds of stress
There are 2 kinds of stress. They are constructive stress and destructive stress.
- Constructive stress:-Also know as “Eustress” is positive in nature. It happens in positive context like when winning a contest or falling in love. Here the individual is in total control and has balanced life. That means it is within tolerable limits. Moderate stress makes us creative .best example is when we work hard to meet targets or get incentives with a deadline in sight.
- Destructive stress:-This is known as “Distress”. It is not at all healthy for the individual and the organization. It arises out of imbalance and is outside the tolerable limit. If not checked it could lead to physical and mental breakdown. Performance is affected, so is productivity. This leads to absenteeism, accidents and errors.
Human resource personnel should concentrate on increasing eustress and reducing distress. So it is the duty of the HR department to decide the optimum level of stress in the organization.