The classical Greeks had a kind of demon spirits, thus being among gods and humans. They formed something like the angels and saints in the modern concept, namely as a power greater than themselves and those lower than them.
So maybe Horner recently demon name without discrimination to all human beings superior. Plato again says that this name is derived from the word daimon, which means leader, because demons were endowed with more intelligence than the human race. Daimoniakos the adjective means “divinely influenced, as such signs are indeed also used for some of the gods.
It is also believed that every individual at birth gets its own daemon, who then leads the life, guard it, manage and record all deeds. For Hesiod are then described as the soul of people who lived in the golden and silver age, and were classified into different orders. He also influence of good and evil, and in any event, not an enemy of the gods, but the executor of their resolutions.
Demons clearly from eastern sources. Indian Brahma had to have a great houfec subordinate spirits as well as the Persian spirit of the principle of good and evil, Ahura Marda principle spirit Angra Mainyu. Worship, however, they were just not their subordinates grooms. Similarly, good and evil geniuses and Roman mythology were the servants of the gods. But as time went on, naming the overall concept was gradually involve more powers of evil, demon so aligned with the devil and good power gain another name.
The Persian or Iranian mythology of good and evil, understood as a moral authority, where there was ambiguity about the two great minds – the Lord of Wisdom and Lord of destruction. Powerful demons East that the human imagination became devils, ruled human fate to the extent that people instead of them trying to get rid of them even brought atonement. By uchlácholeni were devils, even at the expense of deities, sects also arose devil worshipers, and in abundance throughout the East. Expanded strongly as in Burma, Sri Lanka, India, Iran, Turkey and especially in China, where even one of the province of local called “Demon”.
Jewish devils are gradually pushed back. Early Hebrew theology recognized no major power outside the will of God. Jehovah, and represented the highest single source of all good and evil. Their concept of the devil as a fallen angel came out of their prolonged contact with the Persians during the captivity. The ancient Jews believed, however, that the devils will behave like humans – eating, drinking, arguing and go back to violence. And so even getting married and divorced. It probably also illustrates the inscription on one of the clay pots made in northern Mesopotamia, and then found in the ruins of Babylon. It dates from the period around the turn around third and second centuries BC.
Christian concept of the devil, so hard and vicious našeptávajícího tempter, is far wider. The devil here is a timeless power consistently directed against the good, which actually must continually demonstrate the immense superiority of God. Throughout the Christian era, the idea of the devil almost unchanged. Just somewhere exhibited stronger or weaker. In the Middle Ages belonged to the belief in the devil’s very strong. Interested in all the flat and peaked in the 14th century. Then during the 16th and 17 century gradually weakened, and especially since the beginning of the 18th century began to fade even more so in today’s times has become almost a negligible quantity.