Saturday, December 16

Skin Diseases

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 Normal histology:

  1. Skin

  2. Skin, epidermis

  3. Skin, epidermis, keratinocytes, stratum basale(germinativum)

  4. Skin, epidermis, keratinocytes, stratum spinosum(prickle cells)‏

  5. Skin, epidermis, keratinocytes, stratum granulosum

  6. Skin, epidermis, keratinocytes, stratum lucidum

  7. Skin, epidermis, keratinocytes, stratum corneum, thin skin

  8. Skin, epidermis, keratinocytes, stratum corneum, thick skin

  9. Skin, epidermis, melanocytes

  10. Skin, epidermis, Langerhanscells

  11. Skin, epidermis, Merkel cells

  12. Skin, epidermis, appendage(s)‏

  13. Skin, epidermis, appendage, hairfollicle

  14. Skin, epidermis, appendage, hair follicle, shaft

  15. Skin, epidermis, appendage, hair follicle, sebaceousgland

  16. Skin, epidermis, appendage, sweat gland, eccrine

  17. Skin, epidermis, appendage, sweat gland, apocrine

  18. Skin, basement membraneSkin, dermis

  19. Skin, dermis, papillary

  20. Skin, dermis, reticular

  21. Skin, hypodermis (sub-cutis, pannus)‏

Basic microscopic and macroscopic descriptive terms, the essentials of describing skin lesions properly:

  1. Macroscopic

  2. Macroscopic, macule

  3. Macroscopic, patch

  4. Macroscopic, papule

  5. Macroscopic, nodule

  6. Macroscopic, plaque

  7. Macroscopic, vesicle

  8. Macroscopic, bulla

  9. Macroscopic, blister

  10. Macroscopic, pustule

  11. Macroscopic, wheal

  12. Macroscopic, scale

  13. Macroscopic, lichenification

  14. Macroscopic, excoriation

  15. Macroscopic, onycholysis

  16. microscopic

  17. microscopic, hyperkeratosis

  18. microscopic, parakeratosis

  19. microscopic, hypergranulosis

  20. microscopic, acanthosis

  21. microscopic, papillomatosis

  22. microscopic, acantholysis

  23. microscopic, spongiosis

  24. microscopic, hydropicswelling (ballooning)‏

  25. microscopic, exocytosis

  26. microscopic, erosion

  27. microscopic, ulceration

  28. microscopic, vacuolization

  29. microscopic, lentiginous

Classifications and major examples of the classifications:

  1. Pigmentation disorders

  2. Pigmentation disorders, vitiligo

  3. Pigmentation disorders,freckle(ephelis)‏

  4. Pigmentation disorders, melasma

  5. Pigmentation disorders, lentigo

  6. Pigmentation disorders, nevus

  7. Pigmentation disorders, nevus, melanocytic

  8. Pigmentation disorders, nevus, dysplastic

  9. Pigmentation disorders, malignant melanoma

  10. Epidermal neoplasms

  11. Epidermal neoplasms, benign

  12. Epidermal neoplasms, benign, seborrheickeratosis

  13. Epidermal neoplasms, benign, acanthosisnigricans

  14. Epidermal neoplasms, benign, fibroepithelialpolyp(skin tag)‏

  15. Epidermal neoplasms, benign, epithelial inclusion cyst(wen)‏

  16. Epidermal neoplasms, benign, appendage tumors

  17. Epidermal neoplasms, benign, keratoacanthoma

  18. Epidermal neoplasms, malignant, actinic keratosis

  19. Epidermal neoplasms, malignant, squamouscell carcinoma (SCC)‏

  20. Epidermal neoplasms, malignant, basal cell carcinoma (BCC)‏

  21. Epidermal neoplasms, malignant, Merkelcell tumor

  22. Dermal neoplasms

  23. Dermal neoplasms, fibrous histiocytoma(dermatofibroma)‏

  24. Dermal neoplasms, dermatofibrosarcomaprotuberans

  25. Dermal neoplasms, xanthomas

  26. Dermal neoplasms, vasculartumors

  27. Tumorsof cellular “immigrants”, Langerhanscells

  28. Tumorsof cellular “immigrants”, t- cell lymphomas(Mycosis Fungoides)‏

  29. Tumorsof cellular “immigrants”, mast cells

  30. Epidermis, maturation disorder, ichthyosis

  31. Epidermis/Dermis, inflammation, acute

  32. Epidermis/Dermis, inflammation, acute, urticaria

  33. Epidermis/Dermis, inflammation, acute, eczemaEpidermis/Dermis, inflammation, acute, erythemamultiforme

  34. Epidermis/Dermis, inflammation, chronic

  35. Epidermis/Dermis, inflammation, chronic, psoriasis

  36. Epidermis/Dermis, inflammation, chronic, seborrheicdermatitis

  37. Epidermis/Dermis, inflammation, chronic, lichen planus

  38. Epidermis/Dermis, inflammation, chronic, lupus erythematosus

  39. Epidermis/Dermis, infection/infestation

  40. Epidermis/Dermis, infection/infestation, (verrucae)‏

  41. Epidermis/Dermis, infection/infestation, molluscumcontagiosum

  42. Epidermis/Dermis, infection/infestation, impetigo

  43. Epidermis/Dermis, infection/infestation, fungus

  44. Epidermis/Dermis, infection/infestation, arthropods

  45. Epidermis/Dermis, infection/infestation, arthropods, bites

  46. Epidermis/Dermis, infection/infestation, arthropods, stings

  47. Epidermis/Dermis, infection/infestation, arthropods, infestations

  48. Epidermis/Dermis, bullae(blisters)‏

  49. Epidermis/Dermis, bullae, pemphigus

  50. Epidermis/Dermis, bullae, bullouspemphigoid

  51. Epidermis/Dermis, bullae, dermatitis herpetiformis

  52. Epidermis/Dermis, bullae, epidermolysisbullosa

  53. Epidermis/Dermis, bullae, porphyria

  54. Epidermis/Dermis, adnexae(appendages), acne vulgaris

  55. Hypodermis (pannus), inflammation (panniculitis)‏

  56. Hypodermis (pannus), inflammation, erythemanodosum

  57. Hypodermis (pannus), inflammation, erythemainduratum

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