Thursday, December 14

Music From Its Origins

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PREHISTORY

The man in the early days of civilization, had divided the world into good spirits and evil spirits. And it was these spirits who by their influence held the created. All physical phenomena, the sounds, the sounds of nature were, primitive man, the voices of the spirit that dwelt in the objects and animals. To captivate these spirits, man built the form in which totem worshiped. Propitiatory ceremonies, the man, or rather. The sorcerer, imitating the voice and movements with his totem, with whom he imagined to identify and then purchase your protection. Despite the ages of birth and latitude, all nations agreed to give music a divine origin and a supernatural power is the spiritual faculty that as physical.

ANCIENT PEOPLES

THE EGYPTIANS: We have little information regarding the musical art of this people. E ‘from the murals that is how the music has had a very important part both in the rites of worship and in daily life.

THE INDIANS: This population used, since ancient times, a real music system based on a scale of seven sounds, like ours, however, divided into 22 parts.

CHINESE: The musical culture of this people is based on the pentatonic scale (ie scale of 5 sounds a tone apart). The documents show that music was regulated by special laws, because their music to the Chinese attributed the ability to influence the habits of the people.

JEWS, GREEKS and ROMANS

JEWS: From many passages of scripture that we get the Jewish people manifested and expressed choral music, with songs accompanied by songs and dances its joys, its pains and its various moods. The music was an integral part of all civic and religious events. Women were excluded from the choir and the choir had great importance, that is, boys. The ancient Jewish music influenced Christian music, and the hallelujah psalms, are in fact Jewish.

THE GREEKS Greeks are by definition, the people of art.

For these people the music is no longer in the service of worship, but is part of the training of man and good company along the path of his life. The music was part of the disciplines related to the education of the child, the man who did not know the music was treated in the same manner as the illiterate.

They were also the first to codify scales and intervals, which over the centuries, despite the various amendments, constitute the foundation of our music system.

For them the music was especially vocal, although frequently an instrument accompanied the singing, but did not overlap. Often I was choral singing for the celebration of the heroes of the battle or sports trophies.

THE ROMANS: among the Romans, the accompanying music is pagan rites, but was mostly used to entertain guests at banquets and parties for civil.

Only towards the end of the Empire, with the birth of the Christian song, the music becomes really part of religious worship.

MIDDLE AGES

During the period of the barbarian invasions after the fall of the Roman Empire, the church was the principal architect in the reconstruction of the moral life, social and artistic man dominated by violence and terror.

I arise early monasteries, the first churches and basilicas. Of great importance will be the Gregorian Chant by Pope Gregory I, in music that brought many changes to both the artistic and organizational.. When he ascended to the papacy, the music was changing, but also underwent many changes, moving further away from its original spirit.. Gregory felt the need to curb these trends to give a final order to the ritual and song. (He did write a book, The Antiphonary, which collected all the songs for the liturgical functions of the year).

Increased the Scholae Cantorum, that school yard, where the monks could perform after a complete statement of the seminars were also sent to the various religious communities to spread the song of the Roman church. Si got this way a unique and universal prayer.

These songs had two common denominators:

The trend monodic ie single melody sung in chorus;

Latin.

Another aspect to be reckoned with is the birth of the earliest forms of polyphony for work, but it has its great boom thanks to the Flemish, circa 1400, when they feel more voices sing or play several instruments simultaneously. He began by superimposing the single melody, a second single melody that was sung or played simultaneously, note against note, hence the term counterpoint.

RENAISSANCE

Ithe Renaissance, as the word itself is a revival of all the practical, artistic and intellectual.

The ongoing transformation of society, the new middle class, patronage, the discovery of new continents, spreading the music press, influenced the life of man. All this will be reflected in music.

There were great as Martin Luther, founder of Protestantism, which held that the liturgy should be understood by all the faithful, for this reason he translated the Bible into the vernacular, was also of the opinion that the songs were not to be made only by those who attended the school, but that may be sung by all and sundry, so you should create a directory accessible. Simplified by eliminating the polyphonic chants, used folk songs known, wrote new melodies from scratch a lot easier ..

He was born of what the choir that was of great importance as a symbol of musical literacy and aggregation.

To all this the Catholic Church, said later the Council of Trent, in which it found that:

the song could not be entrusted to the faithful were forbidden to use musical instruments except the organ, in the liturgies

The texts were not to have any secular matrix.

BAROQUE AND ENLIGHTENMENT

This term indicates that the art style from the Renaissance, comes up to half of the eighteenth century. CI that characterizes this movement is the pomp, grandeur and luxury of the palaces, the palaces and the grandeur of the churches and clothing. The music has its changes. E ‘in this period that arises in melodrama or Opera music. The musicians, at that time already had lovers of polyphonic music, liturgical songs but I did not allow a great expression. In thus, popular music easier and more understandable, they added to it also a representation of what was being sung, giving rise to the opera or just work.

It is also used more musical instruments, so the style was born beam, ie the plot of most musical instruments. The tools that were used in this century were more Violin, Harpsichord and Organ..

E ‘at the end of this century, with the coming of the Enlightenment that is given to developing new music with the use of instrumental music.

Instrumental music, gives rise to:

SONATA: tools for composition, distinct from that allocated to the items. Following this distinction also added that within the same sonata, was in fact divided and sections are clearly divided rhythm, expression, techniques of counterpoint, virtuosity, etc.. Sonata in the number of times depends on the amount of tools is used, the aesthetic and music of the same sonata.

Example Sonata:

THE RONDO (which I’m listening to right now as I write) is a musical form of French origin, consisting of a main clause that chorus and other phrases that may be the same or different and alternating with the main.

IN CONCLUSION:

music is part of our being, be it classical music, pop, rock that … It does not matter, they all have one common denominator: to express our mood, to express what we are or who we are.

Music is our essence and all alike, whether we are expert musicians, whether we are just simply listen, when we hear our notes, the ones that make us come get goose bumps, those that make us think, what bring to mind memories good or bad, all at that moment, we return to being a universal one thing, a unique essence …. the essence of life itself!

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