Kidney stones are also called Renal stones. A typical kidney stone is hard and crystalline mineral material. Most of the time it contains calcium in combination with oxalate or phosphate. Stones in the urinary tract contain uric acid and amino acid cysteine. It may be formed in the kidney (Nephrolithiasis) or in the urinary tract (Urolithiasis). Men are more likely to suffer from kidney stone attacks.
Less fluid intake results in decrease in urine volume. This increases the chances of formation of kidney stones. Infection of the urinary tract can also result in formation of stones in the urinary tract.
Most common signs and symptoms of kidney stone attack are:
- Traces of blood in the urine – If the urine is dark orange in color and if the person is also experiencing pains in lower back or pelvis, then it is better to consult a physician.
- Fever and disorientation with pain in the lower back – Generally patients with kidney stones feel tired and disoriented. Patients suffering from Urolithiasis may feel feverish and chill. If these symptoms accompany pain in the lower back, then it is a warning signal.
- Excruciating pain in the lower back region – Pain will be really severe in the lower back, abdomen or groin. The pain does not reduce even if the patient changes the body position. Pain will not be constant.
- Nausea – Extreme pain in some cases result in patient feeling nauseated.
- Difficulty in passing urine – Patients complain of difficulty in passing urine. There may be pain in the penis and testis.
Kidney stones can be really painful and may require surgery for cure. One in every 20 persons suffer from kidney stones at some point in their lifetime. Prevention is better than cure. We have to consume a lot of water and urinate when the bladder is full. And when there are any of the above symptoms it is better to consult a certified physician without delay.