South of the taiga belt and extending over most of the central plains and southern mountain is the reason of mixed forests. These forests are found in regions of relatively higher temperatures and ample rainfall. In these forests, the broad leaved deciduous trees out number the coniferous. In Europe, the common deciduous trees are oak, ash, elm, beech and lime. However, deciduous forests have largely been cleared for agriculture and now they remain only in the hills and other areas not suitable for agriculture.
The steppes and desert steppes
North of the Black Sea in Ukraine and Romania are found the temperate grasslands, known as the steppes. Scanty rainfall here does not allow trees to grow. The grasslands yield place to desert steppes further east in the Caspian region. Very little rain falls here. The region has been, for the most part, plough up to grow large quantities of wheat and other cereals.
The Mediterranean region
The Mediterranean vegetation is confined to southern Europe along the Mediterranean Sea. In these regions, trees with thick bark and leaves, and long roots grow. The trees are generally not tall. Their leaves are often thick and only. Many of the plants which grow in the region are thorny; others have thick and pulpy barks. The common trees are olive, Holm oak, cork oak, cork oak and pine. A variety of bushes including lavender, myrtle, oleander and laurel, myrtle, oleander and laurel also grow in these areas. This region is well-known for growing a variety of fruits such as olive, figs, grapes and oranges.
In the forests and in the mountains, wildlife consisting of foxes, hares, some kinds of mountain deer, sheep and goats and variety of birds is found. Europe, like Australia, is free of the great cats-tigers, leopards, lions, etc.