Have you ever thought for a moment how earthworms can actually save our lives? They do!
The scientific name of the common earthworm is Lumbricus terrestris. Not too many people percieve the wonder of the earthworm primarily because of the way it looks. But beneath the image of a long, wriggly, slimy and dirt-drenched critter of the earth, the earthworm is a very interesting animal.
Putting it roughly, earthworms would choose to ingest and digest what humans would normally render useless. Things like dead leaves, rotten twigs and even spoiled food could serve as a banquet for earthworms. The earthworm’s secret is that it has the ability to convert organic matter into a potent ingredient which can be used in making the soil fertile. Once they ingest the stuff, they expel it in the form of usable humus.
Humus is so rich in nutrients that it supports plant growth. Plants will never grow in places wherein the soil has no nutrition. The more humus there is in the soil, the more it becomes a potent habitat for plant life. Seeds will be able to get the kind of nutrition that they need in order to aid germination.
It is not enough to make plants grow. It is also important for them to be sustained. That is why the best solution to this is to make earthworms habituate the soil. Many people have been using this technique in their gardens. The plant gets its food from sunlight through a method called photosynthesis. But chemically, the plant also has its needs and it gets its chemical nutrition from the soil it is planted in.
Once an unpopulated patch of land is populated with plants, this spells a lot of hope for our planet. Plants are very special in that they are responsible for using the carbon dioxide in the atmosphere, and as a result, they produce oxygen that can be used by all walks of animal life. Global Worming is a solution to Global Warming!
And then there goes the cycle. The earthworm needs its food which can be provided by useless parts of a plant and other forms of organic matter. The earthworms expel humus which makes the soil more potent. The soil gives rise to a healthy generation of plants until the plants eventually die, just in time for the next generation to take over.
Imagine a place desolate of plant life. It would only take a noble effort of populating it with earthworms. And then the next step is to plant seedlings. These would later on grow, at a faster rate than normal, precisely because of the earthworms who make the soil rich. And then the plants would grow. The bees and other insects start creeping in and later on, birds join in the community as well.
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You can begin vermiculture in your own backyard! http://www.cityfarmer.org/wormcomp61.html