The word derives from nuraghe nurra or plains, which means “heap cable.” From this we can already see how these buildings are made.
The Nuraghe looks like a truncated cone made of huge boulders roughly squared., That seats on top of each other in circles until circumcenter to narrow at the top. The only thing that unites them is their weight stessso. At the top end with a sort of terrace, having seen it, it was considered a lookout point and signals. Single access point is a spiral staircase that connects directly with the ground-floor, which is the main compartment. Here along the circular wall, there are niches, probably used as storage or as a bed for the armed guards to. Surely, as the Egyptian pyramids, including the nuraghi, were built by prisoners of war held in slavery.
According to scholars, nuraghi are fortified houses, used as lookouts for the largest defense, Mainly because they were placed on the tops dipiccole heights, from which you could see the surrounding valleys and other places in as many peaks nurasghi. Seen from above, you may notice that their position is to form a boundary delimiting the territory.
Iround about the central tower, the most impressive, were built nuraghi others joined together by a wall. On the slopes and plains, were the huts, where he lived one family.
If it were in the mountains and highlands (inhabited by shepherds) Over the hills and plains (inhabited by farmers), by the sea (inhabited by fishermen).
In case of danger, all gathered in central nuraghe.
They seemed designed in medieval style, Sardinia was then divided into smaller and smaller states given the position of nuraghi essre its inhabitants were often at war with each other.
The company nuragica
The Nuragici were made by people prevaslentemente arrived in Sardinia from many regions of the Mediterranean, but especially from the Iberian Peninsula and Libya.
Looking at the objects found, such as bronzes, we note that they represent: tribal leaders, soldiers, priests, women, shepherds, farmers, athletes ….
He dedicated the company was so divided: the plebs (shepherds farmers, herders, traders, servants); priests (both men and women who took care of sacred rites and magic), noble (landowners and warriors). At the top was the king or chief of the patriarch of the tribe.
The company, however was impregnated on the family where the father was the patriarch ..
Religion was a political naturalist. The graves were distinguished into two types: the domus, where they buried the dead of the people, instead of the upper classes, were buried in the so-called tombs of the giants, not because the Sardinians were giants, but because these focuses accommodate whole tribe. The latter had a shape reminiscent of the bull deity worshiped by the very nuragici. Inside, the walls, there were some seats that seem to serve those who went to sleep with the dead comunicasre and inspiration from them.
Sacred rites and magic
Nuragici rites were for the most dedicated to the Great Mother and the Bull God. Only common denominator was the water, venerated by the Sardinians who had dedicated sacred well, where, however, were performed all the rituals, even magical. Already at the time, there was talk of formidable healers or people able to remove the evil eye.
Water was always linked to the “justice”. In case of such a crime against property of others, (Probably abigeato), he brought the defendant in the sacred well, here’s touching your eyes with water from the well, where is strengthened was considered innocent, if they died, was guilty and was sentenced to death almost certainly.