Monday, December 18

Carbon Footprint-Tangiable Impact

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AIM OF THE PROJECT

1) To conduct survey on Carbon Footprint in households of Kuruppath Panchayath,Malappuram District.

2) Conduct an in-depth analysis of energy utilizations and effect of various parameters on the carbon footprint.

3) To study the cause of increase of Carbon Footprint.

4) To study the methods to reduce Carbon Footprint.

5)To bring awareness among the public about present concerns of our environment.
INTRODUCTION

1) Carbon footprint is the total quantity of greenhouse gases like carbon dioxide, methane, etc that are produced directly or indirectly to support different human activities.

2) It is usually expressed in equivalent tons of carbon dioxide (CO2).

3) Our carbon footprint is the sum of all emissions of carbon dioxide,which were induced by our various activities in a given time.

 

>The Carbon Dioxide Greenhouse Effect >

Carbon dioxide is the main greenhouse gas that is causing global warming. Other greenhouse gases which might be emitted as a result of our activities are e.g. methane and ozone. These greenhouse gases are normally also taken into account for the carbon footprint. They are converted into the amount of CO2 that would cause the same effects on global warming (this is called equivalent CO2 amount).

The curve has been climbing exponentially. The amount of gas added to the atmosphere is doubling every 30-35 years. Therefore it is a must to decrease carbon dioxide emission and keep it in check. Carbon footprint helps us to understand the extent of impact our activities are having on the world.

Therefore we see that the carbon footprint is a very powerful tool to understand the impact of personal behaviour on global warming. If we personally want to contribute to stop global warming, the calculation and constant monitoring of our personal carbon footprint is essential.

The heat content of the world’s oceans is the most comprehensive measure of changes in the temperature of the planet. As seen in hundreds of thousands of measurement analyzed by three independent groups, it began a steady rise in the 1970s. That was just when greenhouse gas levels reached a level high enough to be important.

>Causes of Carbon Footprint >

Cause 1 – direct emissions
Emissions from GG vehicles, subsidised vehicles, ships .
Emissions during use of refrigeration and air conditioning equipment.

Cause 2 – indirect emissions – electricity
Emissions from electricity consumption

Cause 3 – indirect emissions
Business travel by plane, car (rentals), shuttle service.

Employee commuting.

Other business travel (for example claims for use of own vehicle).

Fugitive emissions (leakage from air conditioning systems).

Other scope 3 emissions such as computers, paper consumption, waste etc.

Appliances such as computers, televisions, microwaves and cell phones which are almost always turned on, emits radiation into the atmosphere of the Earth and proves to be harmful.

As we cut down trees around the world, we leave a major carbon footprint and reduce our levels of oxygen. Carbon dioxide hurts the atmosphere but with lots of trees, the trees can convert the carbon dioxide into fresh air.

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