Houses types and styles vary greatly according to region, climate, culture and tradition
1. Earth House
This unique house is located in Switzerland. It is an earth house, an architectural style characterized by the use
of natural terrain to help form the walls of a house. An earth house is usually set partially into the ground and c
overed with thin growth, and is often intended to have a small ecological footprint.
This pretty amazing house is called a rondavel, a traditional African-style house. They are usually round in shape
and traditionally made with materials that can be locally obtained in raw form. The rondavel’s walls are often
constructed from stones. The mortar may consist of sand, soil, or some combinations of these mixed with dung.
The floor is finished with a processed dung mixture to make it smooth. The roof braces of a rondavel are made
out of tree limbs, which have been harvested and cut to length. The roof itself is made out of thatch that is sewn
to the wooden braces with rope made out of grass.
3. Shell House
One distinct house is the Shell house. It is the most original house in Mexico or maybe in the world. It is one
of the most beautiful houses you will surely enjoy. It is located in Isla Mujeres northeast of Yucatan peninsula
in the Caribbean Sea.
4. Rumah gadang
Rumah gadang which means “big house”, are the traditional homes of the Minangkabau. The architecture,
construction, internal and external decoration, and the functions of the house reflect the culture and values
of the Minangkabau. A rumah gadang serves as a residence, a hall for family meetings, and for ceremonial
activities. With the Minangkabau society being matrilineal, the rumah gadang is owned by the women of the
family who live there – ownership is passed from mother to daughter.
5. Toda Hut
The peculiar hut of a Toda Tribe of Nilgiris, India is noted for the decoration of the front wall, and the very small door.
The Toda people are a small pastoral community who live on the isolated Nilgiri plateau of Southern India. Prior to
the late eighteenth century, the Toda coexisted locally with other communities, including the Badaga, Kota, and Kurumba,
in a loose caste-like community organization in which the Toda were the top ranking.
6. Korowai Tree House
This bizarre house is home to the bizarre tribe called the Korowai or also called the Kolufo. They are a people of
southeastern Papua (i.e., the southeastern part of the western part of New Guinea). Until the 1970s, they were
unaware of the existence of any people besides themselves and some immediately neighboring villages. Only a
few of them have become literate thus far. They are one of the few surviving peoples in the world that are thought
to possibly still engage in cannibalism. Others dispute this, saying that these practices ended decades ago and
that there have been no reported instances of cannibalism in over twenty years.
7. Trulli House
Trulli houses, distinguished by conical store roof, are traditional in the southeastern region Apulia, Italy.
A palloza is a traditional thatched house as found in the in Galicia, Spain. They are circular or oval, and about ten
ortwenty meters in diameter. These houses are built to withstand severe winter weather at a typical altitude of 1,200
meters. The main structure is stone, and is divided internally into separate areas for the family and their animals,
with separate entrances. The roof is conical, made from rye straw on a wooden frame. There is no chimney, the
smoke from the kitchen fire seeps out through the thatch.
Earth sheltering is the architectural practice of using earth against building walls for external thermal mass, to reduce
heat loss, and to easily maintain a steady indoor air temperature. Earth sheltering is popular in modern times among
advocates of passive solar and sustainable architecture, but has been around for nearly as long as humans have been
constructing their own shelter. The picture above is Earth covered farm houses located in Keldur, Iceland.
A crannog is an artificial island, usually originally built in lakes, rivers and estuarine waters, and most often used as
an island settlement or dwelling place in prehistoric or medieval times. The name itself may refer to a wooden platform
erected on shallow floors, but few remains of this sort have been found.
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