How to Land a Plane Safely

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In order to land a plane safely, communication is vital. Chances are, the pilot was wearing a headset. Put the headset on, and listen to the Air Traffic Controllers and talk to on the cabin speaker. Near the dashboard, there should be a push-to-talk switch or button. There is also a hand microphone.


Pick up the hand microphone and speak in a normal tone asking for help, and then release the button. If you do not, you will never hear a response back and only transmit the noise you are making or saying. Once you establish a connection with the Air Traffic Controllers, they will do everything to help you out.


In front of the panel will be the navigation and communication radios, as well as the engine instruments. The top left gauge should be the airspeed indicator. The gauge next to the right is the artificial horizon. It is also known as the altitude indicator. There should also be an altimeter which shows the altitude above sea level. If the needles in the gauges are moving clockwise, you are ascending. The opposite would indicate descending.


Now take a look at the panel in front of you again. There should be a series of knobs that stick out of the panel. A basic plane has three push-pull knobs. The largest one is the throttle and you will be using this. Pushing it will give more power and pulling with reduce power. To the right of the throttle is the mixture control, which kills the engine. You should also see a “Carb Heat” knob. Take a note of this as you will be using this later.A more advance aircraft will have an extra knob located between the throttle and mixture controls. This controls the pitch of the propeller. Leave it alone because you will be using it later.


Next, you will need to learn how to maneuver the plane. Place your hand on the control wheel or stick. If you want to turn right, simply turn right gently. You will see the plane’s right wing drop as the plane turns to the right. Return the control back to neutral. Moving the control towards you will make the plane ascend and pushing it forward will make the plane descend. Because ascending and descending a plane will alter and change the speed of the plane, you will need to use the throttle by reducing the power produced from the plane’s engine and allow you to go up or down with little airspeed.


Finally, you will learn how to land the plane. Pull the throttle halfway back and pull back on the control wheel without ascending. The airspeed will begin to decline. If the plane has a knob called the “Carb heat” pull it all the way out. This prevents the carburetor from freezing. Next, look for a button with a small tire on it to get the tire in position to land. Push the propeller controls all the way in.


If it seems that your going under the aircraft or going high, pull the power back and adjust it with the nose to maintain speed. If you’re getting low, push the throttle in and raise the nose to maintain your speed. As your cross the runway, pull the throttle all the way out and pull back a bit to keep the nose from falling. Once the plane makes contact with the ground, it might bounce a little. Resist the urge to fight the bounce. The right pedal controls the right brake and the left, the left brake. Once you stop, pull the “mixture” knob all the way out. This will kill the engine. You have successfully landed a plane!


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