Numbers 31-36

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Numbers 31-36

     31[1-5] Yahweh told Moses, “Take revenge on the Midianites for the people of Israel and afterward you’ll die and go to your people.” Moses told the people, “Get your men ready for war, to go against Midian, to punish Midian for Yahweh. Of every family throughout all the families of Israel, you’ll send 1,000 to the war. So there were 1,000 from each family, 12,000 armed for war out of the people of Israel.”

     [6-8] Moses sent them to the war, 1,000 out of every family, them and Phinehas the son of Eleazar the priest to the war with the tools of the Place of Worship and the trumpets to blow the alarm. They fought against Midian, as Yahweh had told Moses; and they killed every male. They killed the rulers of Midian with the rest of those who were killed. Evi, Rekem, Zur, Hur, and Reba, the five rulers of Midian were all killed. They also killed Balaam the son of Beor in the war.

     [9-12] The people of Israel took prisoner the women of Midian and their children; and took all their tame animals and flocks, and all their goods for a reward. They burnt all the cities and other places they lived. They took all the rewards of war, both human and animal. They brought the prisoners, and all the rewards to Moses, Eleazar the priest, and to the people of Israel, to the camp at the plains of Moab, by the Jordan River at Jericho.

     [13-18] Moses, Eleazar the priest, and all the leaders of the people went out to meet them outside the camp. Moses was angry with the officers of the family groups, the captains of the 1,000’s and the captains of the 100’s, who came from the work of the war. Moses said to them, “Why have you saved all the women alive? They have caused the people of Israel, through the counsel of Balaam, to do wrong to Yahweh in the matter of Peor, and so the trouble started among the people of Yahweh. So kill every male child, and kill every woman who has had sex before. But all the girls, who have not had sex, keep alive for yourselves.

     [19-24] Whoever has killed any person, or touched any that were killed stay outside the camp for seven days. Wash yourselves on the third day and on the seventh day, both you and your prisoners. Wash all your clothes, leather, works of goats’ hair, and everything made of wood. Eleazar the priest said to the men of war who went to the battle, “This is the rule of the law which Yahweh has told Moses, but the gold, silver,  brass, iron, tin, and lead, everything that can stand fire, pass through the fire, and it’ll be fit. Then wash it with water. Everything that can’t withstand fire, wash with water. Wash your clothes on the seventh day, and you’ll be fit; and then come back to the camp.”

     [25-31] Yahweh told Moses, “You, Eleazar the priest, and all the leaders of the people count everything that was taken, both human and animal. Divide it in half between the men of war, who went out to the battle, and all the people. Take a tax for Yahweh of the men of war who went out to battle of one for each 500, of the persons, the bulls, the donkeys, and the flocks. Take it out of their half, and give it to Eleazar the priest, for Yahweh’s wave offering. Of the people of Israel’s half, take one out of every 50, of the persons, the bulls, the donkeys, and the flocks, out of all the tame animals, and give them to the Levites, who take care of the Place of Worship of Yahweh.” So Moses and Eleazar the priest did as Yahweh told Moses.

     [32-41] Now everything which the men of war took, was 675,000 sheep, 72,000 bulls, 61,000 donkeys, and 32,000 persons in all, of the young girls who had not had sex with anyone. The half, which was the rule of those who went out to war, was numbered 337,500 sheep and Yahweh’s tax of the sheep was 675. The bulls were 36,000 of which Yahweh’s tax was 72. The donkeys were 30,500 of which Yahweh’s tax was 61. The persons were 16,000 of whom Yahweh’s tax was 32 persons. Moses gave the tax, which was Yahweh’s wave offering, to Eleazar the priest, as Yahweh had told Moses.

     [42-50] Of the people of Israel’s half, which Moses divided from the men who fought, (the people’s half was 337,500 sheep, 36,000 bulls, 30,500 donkeys, and 16,000 persons), Moses took one out of every 50, both human and animal, and gave them to the Levites, who kept the charge of the Place of Worship of Yahweh; as Yahweh had told Moses. The officers who were over the 1,000’s of the family groups, the captains of 1,000’s, and the captains of 100’s, came near to Moses; and said to Moses, “We’ve counted the men of war who are under our charge, and no one is missing. We’ve brought Yahweh an offering from what everyone has gotten of all the gold jewelry, arm bracelets, bracelets, rings, earrings, and necklaces, to cover our sins for our souls before Yahweh.

     [51-54] So Moses and Eleazar the priest took all the gold jewelry from them. All the gold of the wave offering that they offered up to Yahweh, of the captains of 1,000’s, and the captains of 100’s, was worth 16,750 dollars. (For the men of war had each taken a reward for themselves.) Moses and Eleazar the priest took the gold of the captains of 1,000’s and 100’s, and brought it into the Meeting Place as a reminder for the people of Israel before Yahweh.

     32[1-5] Now the people of Reuben and of Gad had very many tame animals and when they saw that the land of Jazer, and the land of Gilead was a perfect place for tame animals, they came and told Moses, and Eleazar the priest, and the leaders of the people, “Ataroth, Dibon, Jazer, Nimrah, Heshbon, Elealeh, Sebam, Nebo, and Beon, all the land which Yahweh attacked with the people of Israel, is a land for tame animals; and we have many tame animals. If we’ve pleased you, let this land be given to us for our own; and don’t bring us over the Jordan.”

     [6-9] So Moses said to the people of Gad and of Reuben, “Will your brothers go to the war, and you stay here? Why do you discourage the heart of the people of Israel from going over into the land which Yahweh has given them? Your ancestors did that, when I sent them from Kadesh Barnea to see the land. When they went up to the valley of Eshcol, and saw the land, they discouraged the heart of the people of Israel, so that they wouldn’t go into the land which Yahweh had given them.

     [10-15] Yahweh was angry that day, and promised, ‘Surely none of the men who came up out of Egypt, from twenty years old and up, will see the land which I promised to Abraham, to Isaac, and to Jacob; because they haven’t wholly followed Me: except for Caleb the son of Jephunneh the Kenizzite, and Joshua the son of Nun;’ Only they had wholly followed Yahweh. Then Yahweh was angry at Israel, and made them wander all over the countryside for forty years, until all that generation, who had done evil in the sight of Yahweh, had died. And now you have risen up in your ancestors’ place, the children of sinful men, to add to the great anger of Yahweh toward Israel. If you turn away from following Yahweh, God will yet again leave them in the countryside; and destroy all these people.”

     [16-19] They stepped up and said, “We’ll build sheepfolds here for our tame animals, and cities for our children, but we ourselves will be armed and ready to go before the people of Israel, until we’ve brought them to their place, and our children will live in the fenced cities because of the people of the land. We won’t go back to our houses, until the people of Israel have each gotten what will be theirs. We won’t get anything with them on the other side of the Jordan, and forward; because we’ve gotten this land on this side of the Jordan eastward.”

     [20-24] So Moses said to them, “If you’ll do this thing, and arm yourselves to go before Yahweh to the war, and every armed man will pass over the Jordan before Yahweh, until all the enemies of God are driven out of the land, and the land is under Yahweh’s control; then afterward you’ll go back, and be without guilt toward Yahweh, and toward Israel; and this land will be yours before Yahweh. But if you don’t do it, you’ve sinned against Yahweh; and you can be sure your sin will be known. Build towns for your children and folds for your sheep; and do what you’ve said.”

     [25-27] So the people of Gad and of Reuben told Moses, “We’ll do as you say. Our children, our wives, our flocks, and all our tame animals, will be there in the cities of Gilead; but everyone who’s armed for war will pass over before Yahweh to battle, as you say.”

     [28-32] So Moses gave orders concerning them to Eleazar the priest, Joshua the son of Nun, and to the leaders of the family groups of the people of Israel. Moses said to them, “If the people of Gad and of Reuben will pass with you over the Jordan, everyone who’s armed for battle, before Yahweh, and the land will taken under control of you; then give them the land of Gilead for their own: but if they won’t pass over with you armed, they’ll have land among you in the land of Canaan. The people of Gad and of Reuben answered, “We’ll do as Yahweh has said. We’ll pass over armed before Yahweh into the land of Canaan, and whatever we own will stay with us beyond the Jordan.

     [33-39] Moses gave to the people of Gad and of Reuben, and to half the family of Manasseh, the son of Joseph, the realm of Sihon ruler of the Amorites, and the realm of Og ruler of Bashan, the land by its cities and all the land around them. The people of Gad built Dibon, Ataroth, Aroer, Atrothshophan, Jazer, Jogbehah, Beth Nimrah, and Beth Haran: all fenced cities, and folds for sheep. The people of Reuben built Heshbon, Elealeh, Kiriathaim, Nebo, and Baal Meon, (their names being changed), and Sibmah, and they gave new names to the cities which they built. The people of Machir the son of Manasseh went to Gilead, and took it from the Amorites who were in it.

     [40-42] Moses gave Gilead to Machir, the son of Manasseh; and he lived in it. Jair, the son of Manasseh went and took its small towns, and called them Havvoth Jair. Nobah went and took Kenath, and its towns, and called it Nobah, after his own name.

     33[1-4] These are the travels of the people of Israel, when they left the land of Egypt by their family groups under the hand of Moses and Aaron. Moses wrote of their travels by the word of Yahweh and these are their travels. They left from Rameses on the fifteenth day of the first month. On the next day after the Passover the people of Israel went out with power in the sight of all the Egyptians, while the Egyptians were burying all their firstborn, whom Yahweh had killed among them. Yahweh punished their gods also.

     [5-9] The people of Israel left from Rameses, and stayed in Succoth. They left from Succoth, and stayed in Etham, which is in the edge of the countryside. They left from Etham, and turned back to Pihahiroth, which is near Baal Zephon. Then they stayed at Migdol. They left from Hahiroth, and passed through the middle of the sea into the countryside and went three days into the countryside of Etham, and stayed in Marah. They left from Marah, and came to Elim, where there were twelve springs of water and 70 palm trees, and they stayed there.

     [10-14] They left from Elim, and stayed by the Red Sea. They left from the Red Sea, and stayed in the countryside of Sin. They left from the countryside of Sin, and stayed in Dophkah. They left from Dophkah, and stayed in Alush. They left from Alush, and stayed in Rephidim, where there was no water for the people to drink.

     [15-26] They left from Rephidim, and stayed in the countryside of Sinai. They left from the countryside of Sinai, and stayed in Kibroth Hattaavah. They left from Kibroth Hattaavah, and stayed in Hazeroth. They left from Hazeroth, and stayed in Rithmah. They left from Rithmah, and stayed in Rimmon Perez. They left from Rimmon Perez, and stayed in Libnah. They left from Libnah, and stayed in Rissah. They left from Rissah, and stayed in Kehelathah. They left from Kehelathah, and stayed in Mount Shepher. They left from Mount Shepher, and stayed in Haradah. They left from Haradah, and stayed in Makheloth. They left from Makheloth, and stayed in Tahath.

     [27-37] They left from Tahath, and stayed in Terah. They left from Terah, and stayed in Mithkah. They left from Mithkah, and stayed in Hashmonah. They left from Hashmonah, and stayed in Moseroth. They left from Moseroth, and stayed in Bene Jaakan. They left from Bene Jaakan, and stayed in Hor Haggidgad. They left from Hor Haggidgad, and stayed in Jotbathah. They left from Jotbathah, and stayed in Ebronah. They left from Ebronah, and stayed in Ezion Geber. They left from Ezion Geber, and stayed in the countryside of Zin (the same is Kadesh). They left from Kadesh, and stayed in Mount Hor, in the edge of the land of Edom.

     [38-39] Aaron the priest went up into Mount Hor at the word of Yahweh, and died there, in the 40th year after the people of Israel were come out of the land of Egypt, on the first day of the 5th month. Aaron was 123 years old when he died in Mount Hor.

     [40-49] The Canaanite ruler of Arad, who lived in the South in the land of Canaan, heard of the coming of the people of Israel. They left from Mount Hor, and stayed in Zalmonah. They left from Zalmonah, and stayed in Punon. They left from Punon, and stayed in Oboth. They left from Oboth, and stayed in the Ruins of Abarim, in the border of Moab. They left from the ruins, and stayed in Dibon Gad. They left from Dibon Gad, and stayed in Almon Diblathaim. They left from Almon Diblathaim, and stayed in the mountains of Abarim, near Nebo. They left from the mountains of Abarim, and stayed in the plains of Moab by the Jordan at Jericho. They stayed by the Jordan, from Beth Jesthemoth even to Abel Shittim in the plains of Moab.

     [50-56] Yahweh told Moses in the plains of Moab by the Jordan at Jericho, “Tell the people of Israel when you pass over the Jordan into the land of Canaan, drive out all the people of the land from before you, and destroy all their false gods of stone and metals, and destroy all their places of worship. Take the land, and live in it because I’ve given you the land to own. You’ll inherit the land in parts by your families; to the more you’ll give more land, and to the fewer you’ll give less land. Wherever the Judgment Stones falls to anyone, that land will be theirs and you’ll inherit by the families of your ancestors. But if you don’t drive out the people of the land from before you, then those who you let stay will be as splinters in your eyes, and as thorns in your sides, and they’ll trouble you in the land in which you live.  And as I thought to do to them, I’ll do to you.”

     34[1-5] Yahweh told Moses, “Tell the people of Israel, “When you come into the land of Canaan (this is the land that will fall to you for your own, even the land of Canaan to its edges), then your south quarter will be from the countryside of Zin along by the side of Edom, and your south border will be from the end of the Salt Sea eastward; and your border will turn about southward of the ascent of Akrabbim, and pass along to Zin; and its end will be southward of Kadesh Barnea; and it’ll go to Hazar Addar, and pass along to Azmon; and the border will turn from Azmon to the brook of Egypt, and its end will be at the sea.

     [6-12] For the western border, you’ll have the great sea and its border, which will be your west border. Your north border will be from the great sea to Mount Hor; and from Mount Hor to the entrance of Hamath; and the end of the border will be at Zedad; and the border will go to Ziphron, and its end will be at Hazar Enan, which will be your north border. Mark off your east border from Hazar Enan to Shepham; and the border will go down from Shepham to Riblah, on the east side of Ain; and the border will go down, and will reach to the side of the sea of Chinnereth eastward; and the border will go down to the Jordan, and its end will be at the Salt Sea. This will be the borders of your land.”

     [13-15] Moses told the people of Israel, “This is the land which you’ll inherit in parts, which Yahweh has said to give to the nine and a half families left; for the family of the people of Reuben by their family groups, and the family of the people of Gad by their family groups, have gotten their land, and half the family of Manasseh have gotten their land. These two and half families have gotten their inheritance beyond the Jordan at Jericho eastward, toward the east.”

     [16-29] Yahweh told Moses, “Eleazar the priest, and Joshua the son of Nun will divide the land to you for your inheritance. Take one leader of every family, to divide the land for inheritance.” These are the names of the leaders: Of the family of Judah, Caleb the son of Jephunneh. Of the family of the people of Simeon, Shemuel the son of Ammihud. Of the family of Benjamin, Elidad the son of Chislon. Of the family of the people of Dan, Bukki the son of Jogli. Of the people of Joseph: of the family of the people of Manasseh, Hanniel the son of Ephod. Of the family of the people of Ephraim, Kemuel the son of Shiphtan. Of the family of the people of Zebulun, Elizaphan the son of Parnach. Of the family of the people of Issachar, Paltiel the son of Azzan. Of the family of the people of Asher, Ahihud the son of Shelomi. Of the family of the people of Naphtali, Pedahel the son of Ammihud. These are those who Yahweh told to divide the inheritance to the people of Israel in the land of Canaan.

     35[1-5] Yahweh told Moses in the plains of Moab by the Jordan at Jericho, “Tell the people of Israel to give to the Levites cities out of their inheritance to live in with the land around them. The cities and the land they’ll have to live in will be for all their animals, and for all they have. The land of the cities, which you’ll give to the Levites, will be from the wall of the city and outward 1500’ around. Measure outside of the city for the east side 3,000’, and for the south side 3,000’, and for the west side 3,000’, and for the north side 3,000’, the city being in the middle. This will be the land of the cities.

     [6-8] The cities which you’ll give to the Levites, will be the six cities of refuge, which will be for the murderer to run to, and besides them you’ll give 42 more cities. All the cities which you’ll give to the Levites will be 48 cities with their land. As far as the cities which you’ll give out of what the people of Israel own, from the most people you’ll take many cities; and from the least people you’ll take fewer cities. Everyone by their inheritance which he gets will give of their cities to the Levites.

     [9-15] Yahweh told Moses, “Tell the people of Israel, ‘When you pass over the Jordan into the land of Canaan, then set apart cities to be cities of refuge for you, that whoever kills a person by accident may go there. The cities will be to you for refuge from anyone who would seek revenge, so that the murderer won’t die, until they’re judged by the people. The cities which you’ll give will be for you six cities of refuge. Give three cities beyond the Jordan, and three cities in the land of Canaan, which will be the cities of refuge. These six cities will be a refuge for the people of Israel, and for anyone else living among them, so that everyone who kills any person by accident may go there.

     [16-21] But if they’ve hit the victim with an iron tool, so that the person died, they’re a murderer and the murderer must be put to death. If they’ve hit them with a stone in the hand, by which someone died, they’re a murderer and the murderer must be put to death. Or if they’ve hit them with a wooden weapon, by which someone died, they’re a murderer and the murderer must be put to death. Whoever seeks revenge for their blood will put the murderer to death when they meet them. If they pushed them out of hatred, or threw something at them, planning it ahead of time, so that the victim died, or hit them with their hand as an enemy, so that he died; the one who hit them must be put to death. They’re a murderer, so whoever seeks revenge for their blood will put the murderer to death, when they meet them.

     [22-28] But if they pushed them suddenly and wasn’t an enemy, or threw something at them without planning it, or threw a stone, not seeing them, so that the victim died, and they weren’t their enemy, nor meant to hurt them; then the people will judge between the murderer and whoever seeks revenge for their blood by these rules. The people will save the murderer out of the hand of the one who seeks revenge for their blood, and the people will restore them to their city of refuge, where they’ve gone to. They’ll live in it until the death of the high priest, who was anointed with the holy oil. But if the murderer goes at any time beyond the border of the city of refuge, where they’ve gone to, and the one who seeks revenge for blood finds them outside of the border of the city of refuge, and they kill the murderer; they won’t be guilty of blood, because the murderer should have stayed in the city of refuge until the death of the high priest. But after the death of the high priest the murderer will go back into their own land.

     [29-34] These things will be for a law and a rule to you forever in all the places you live. Whoever kills any person, the murderer will be killed at the word of witnesses, but one witness won’t testify against any person to make them die. And don’t take any fine of money for the life of a murderer who’s guilty of death; but they must be put to death. Don’t take any fine of money for those who’ve gone to a city of refuge, so that they may come again to live in their own land, until the death of the priest. Don’t pollute the land in which you are, for blood makes the land unfit; and the land can’t be cleansed of the blood that’s shed in it, but by the blood of the one who shed it. Don’t make the land unfit which you live in and in which I live. I, Yahweh, live among the people of Israel.

     36[1-4] The leaders of the family groups of the family of the people of Gilead, the son of Machir, the son of Manasseh, of the families of the sons of Joseph, came and spoke before Moses, and before the leaders of the family groups of the people of Israel and said, “Yahweh told you to give a part of the land for inheritance to the people of Israel and you were told by Yahweh to give the inheritance of Zelophehad, our brother, to his daughters. If they’re married to any of the sons of the other families of the people of Israel, then their inheritance will be taken away from the inheritance of our ancestors, and will be added to the inheritance of the family they belong to, so it will be taken away from our inheritance. When the jubilee of the people of Israel comes, then their inheritance will be added to the inheritance of the family in which they belong, so their inheritance will be taken away from the inheritance of the family of our ancestors.”

     [5-9] Moses told the people of Israel by the word of Yahweh, “The family of the sons of Joseph speaks right. This is what Yahweh says to the daughters of Zelophehad, “Let them be married to whom they think best; only into the family of one of the family members of their ancestors. So nothing of their own of the people of Israel will go out from family to family; for the people of Israel will keep the inheritance of the family of their ancestors. Every daughter, who has an inheritance in any family of the people of Israel, will be married to one of the family members of her ancestors, that the people of Israel may keep the inheritance of their ancestors. So nothing of their own will go out from one family to another family; for the families of the people of Israel will keep their own inheritance.”

     [10-13] As Yahweh told Moses, the daughters of Zelophehad did. Mahlah, Tirzah, and Hoglah, and Milcah, and Noah, the daughters of Zelophehad were married to their cousins. They were married into the families of the sons of Manasseh, the son of Joseph; and their inheritance stayed in the family of their ancestors. These are the words and the rules which Yahweh told by Moses to the people of Israel in the plains of Moab by the Jordan at Jericho.

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