Some Potentials in Self-Made-Compost.
Making compost at home is a very positive activity not only for you but also for your environment. You can get a lot of benefits from making compost, especially if the organic materials in your compost media come from your own kitchen :
Making compost has become not so disgusting since you know what they are in the contents of your organic kitchen wastes.
You can satisfy your need of compost for your plants, lawns and gardens by yourself, meaning some amount of money can be saved.
Compost has economic value, you can make money from it !
You lessen your regular work load in emptying garbage bin since a lot of its content has been utilized.
Your interest and practice in making compost show your concern in environment protection.
What you need to prepare are :
– A compost bin :
You can make a compost bin from a broken bucket, a paint container, a flower pot, etc.
Because the composting process (decomposition) is in aerobic (with the presence of oxygen) environment so you need some holes on the bucket/container walls which you will use as a compost bin. Those holes will let compost media interact with oxygen in the air.
– Top soil : Top soil contains a lot of composting bacteria which is needed by the media to decompose.
– Small shovel.
– Rubber gloves.
– Booster/starter : You can use goat manure which is mixed with the top soil, or you can use EM (Effective Microorganism) solution if goat manure disgusts you. You can buy EM solution at nearby farming store.
– A knife.
Lets Get Started :
-Wear your rubber gloves
-Select the compost materials : The compost materials should be selected which consists of vegetative kitchen wastes and easy to be decomposed materials like banana peels, vegetable wastes, rice, bread and cake crumbs, egg shells and it should be free from non organic things like plastics, metal, used battery, glass, and bones, wood, trunks, fat and oil, meat, etc.
-Cut into small pieces : Cut the selected compost materials into small pieces (around 1-2 cm long).
-Put it into the compost bin (now I call it compost media).
-Pour top soil onto the compost media in compost bin up to the tickness of around 5 cm. As mentioned above, if you don’t want to use goat manure you can use EM solution instead as composting booster. You can dilute the EM solution in composition of 100 cc EM in 1 liter water. Use this solution to make the compost media in the bin wet/damp.
When you have collected enough kitchen waste next day, you can put this on top of the previous layers and also cover up with top soil and be wet with dilluted EM solution. Do it all way up until the media reaches the bin surface.
Close the bin with a piece of plastic, give some holes on the plastik to make the media contact with air.
Check your compost making regularly to monitor its dampness. If it gets dry you need to wet it with EM solution again.
Media rolling sometimes needed to make the composting process take place evenly by mixing up the media in the bin using a small shovel.
Decomposition process in the bin will raise its temperature up around 40-50 degree celcius. Besides indicating good composting process, the raising temperature may also kills some unwanted creatures in the media.
Harvest The Compost :
Your compost is ready to be harvested when the media has turned into dark brown to black color with even, crumbly texture. Some hard materials can be still seen in the compost but they can be seperated by sieving and include them in the next compost making project.
You may also find earth worms in your compost. I see it as a beneficial product since eart worms are also good for soil composition and healthful food for my pets like chiken and fish.
Now you have rich soil which is needed badly by your plants and environment.