Africa´s Challange!

  What is it that is preventing Africa from achieving this development? Africa is a collective term for all the countries on the African continent. We talk often about Africa’s challenges even though several of the countries in Africa are not suffering from the complications are discussed in this article.It is important to keep this in mind while discussing the challenge.
In order for a country’s economy to develop, it is important that the country has leaders who do not oppress the people and regulate the financial market after its own interests. In many African countries are today dictatorship-like government. There are several reasons for this. Before the colonists came to Africa, there had been tribal leaders and kings who ruled the various tribes and regions. Under imperialism from approximately 1870 controlled the white of the natives of dictatorial manner. Then they pulled out of the African countries, from 1945 to until late in the 1970s, they helped the people not to form new governments and democracies. Naturally took dictators and military power over, because there was no elected leadership that could prevent them from taking power. It was also difficult to gather people in many countries because the countries comprised of different tribes. These tribes were accustomed to war against each other and had different views on different policy issues. A good example of two tribes that have been difficult to gather under a democratic government, the conflict in 1994 between Tutsis and Hutus in Rwanda. On the basis of such conflicts, it is difficult to create democracy and a dictatorship is a easy solution. This in turn it becomes difficult for countries in the West to help with supplies and money, because there is no transparency about what the money is used in the various dictatorships. Much corruption means that money does not end up where they really should, among the people. 

Africa is a continent with a lot of agriculture and a variety of commodities, like coal and diamonds. The problem is that states have an industry that can transform these goods into finished products. They must sell their raw materials to factories in other countries, such as buying a part of them back fully recovered. Then the goods go through a process that makes it worth more than when the country sold like commodities. For the African countries will be able to get a good economy, countries must therefore build their own factories to produce finished goods. Moreover, many African countries in debt to the World Bank and many rich countries, which aggravates the situation considerably. When the imperialists went, the countries of the resolution. The state-owned few or no money because the European authorities had taken up a number of benefits to their homeland. Many needed the money to help build the community and the state again. Wherefore take up large loans, however, did not have many to complete the task of building up the country altogether. Today, many countries almost 50% of the national budget to pay back the debt. The UN is working today to remove much of the debt owed countries. Many companies and countries have in recent years begun a new venture, where one gives small interest-free loans to individuals and communities. How can countries start their own businesses and build up the country’s economy is slowly but surely. 

Few people in African countries will be offered education, so it is very many illiterate or people with very low education in Africa. This means that many can not keep up with political issues or voting at elections. They have few chances to get a job, and they can not help their children learn to read and write. 

Hunger and natural disasters often hang with each other and are important factors that prevent the growth of African communities. The state has no money to help those who are starving, and in some countries have even refused the leaders of other countries in to help because they will put themselves in debt. Very many people starving in Africa today, and the worst is that there is no shortage of food in the world that is the problem, the food world is just unevenly distributed. To put it in perspective, I can mention that UNICEF reported last spring on its website that it had signed a long drought in Eritrea, Ethiopia, Kenya, Somalia and Djibouti. 1.6 million children were in danger of starving to death, and 300 000 of these were already malnourished. It was the worst drought in five years. We hear messages like this, the drought and the like, almost every day. 

Africa, in general, many diseases due to high poverty and lack of knowledge about hygiene in the population. Malaria and malnutrition kill many people every day, but the worst threat Africa today is AIDS epidemic. It is a threat to the whole population. Aids has run of 25 years, killed around 20 million people in Africa. 15 million children have lost their mother or father, and several million of these have no one to care for them. Every minute, children infected with HIV or dying of AIDS. And less than five percent of all AIDS-affected children in Africa get treatment. The African countries are dependent on international aid. The state has no capital to pay for medicines to the people. 

A positive development is that it has formed several organizations and programs in the fight against AIDS. Several well-known freedom fighters, politicians and artists stand as the frontman for these organizations and they are trying to engage the world’s population to help. To name a few have Nelson Mandela, Bill Clinton and Bono from the band U2 worked a long time with the fight against AIDS. The organizations are working to develop and distribute medicine.Many organizations have also created campaigns where they hand out free condoms.Unfortunately, there are some religious leaders who go out in the media and encourage people to not use a condom. It circulates many superstitious claims, for example, that sex with a virgin will cure men of AIDS. This means that many young girls are raped. 

Africa has many vast problems in key areas, which are linked to the economic and political developments which are important for education, health and illness and simply survive in a country. What can the African countries and we do? There are many conclusions, and I do not know which one is right. The only thing I know is that we can do to help Africa if we want, it’s just human selfishness which stops further development. To get the Africa market should the market be fair, and it will not be until all have the same starting point so that the cleverest wins.This situation is today, it is unfair. So far we can only try to help those who need it most, until the systems are changed. 


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