When a girl or woman is having a condition like Amenorrhea, that means she is having irregular periods. If a teenage girl has primary amenorrhea, that means she hasn’t had any periods by 16 years of age. If it is secondary amenorrhea, that means she has menstruated before, and then stopped for whatever reason. And the reasons can be many for this symptom.
If pregnancy is not the reason for missed menstrual periods, then there are other possible causes. So treating amenorrhea, involves finding the underlying cause in order to do that.
Some of the causes of amenorrhea are:
Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome-This is a serious disorder in teenage girls in women that have absence of periods due to cysts forming on the ovary. This is what happens instead of normal ovulation. PCOS causes other problems such as excess body hair growth, loss of scalp hair, diabetes and insulin resistance, weight gain, depression, and various other female problems such as inferility and endometriosis.
Stress can induce irregular periods. Any stress can change the functioning of the hypothalamus. This area in the brain takes charge of many hormones, and those that control menstrual cycles as well. Lowering stress levels should help the menstrual cycles go back to normal.
Medicines can cause amenorrhea. These are antidepressant drugs, cancer drugs, steroid drugs, and birth control pills. So if this is the cause of amenorrhea, it will involve using medications that don’t alter the menstrual cycles.
Anorexia or bulimia nervosa can cause an absence of menstruation. This is due to the fact that a lack of nutrients will cause hormonal changes that are very negative. Treating these eating disorders with psychological help and proper nutrition will probably help periods resume.
Too much activity. Exercising excessively will sometimes cause an interruption of the menstrual cycles. Slowing down in your exercise will probably help normal periods to resume.
Pituitary tumors that are benign which are either an adenoma or prolactinoma causes amenorrhea many times. It can be treated usually with medication. In some cases, it may need surgery.
In cases of primary amenorrhea, there are causes such as:
No reproductive organs. This happens in some females that are born, or they have some organs, but are missing such as the uterus or cervix. This problem really has no solutions since you can’t replace missing organs.
A pituitary gland problem could be another cause of the absence of menstrual cycles along with problems in the hypothalamus. This problem can be treated with medication to hopefully resolve whatever is going on in the pituitary gland.
Sometimes there is an abnormality in chromosomes. This effects the production of the follicles along with eggs which cause a female to ovulate. This problem has no solution.