1. At 0.2 square miles, Vatican City is the world’s smallest country, containing a population of just 770. The country encircles St Peter’s Baslica and is located in Rome, Italy.
2. Monaco is just 0.7 miles wide and sits on the French Riviera near Nice. Known for its casino’s, its Grand Prix, and being a haven for the rich and famous, 32,000 live there, 84% of which are wealthy immigrants.
3. Nauru is the world’s smallest island nation, covering just 8.1 square miles. Settled by Micronesian and Polynesian people, the Pacific Island was annexed and claimed as a colony by the German Empire in the 19th century, before becoming under the trusteeship of the League of nations mandate. Nauru was declared independent in 1968, and today 13000 people inhabit the tiny island which only has one air landing strip which connects it to the rest of the world.
4. Composed of 9 coral atolls along a 360 mile chain in Polynesia, Tuvalu is only 9 square miles and is home to 12,000 people. Known previously as Ellice Islands they were ruled by the United Kingdom until 1978 when they gained independence.
5. At 24 square miles wide, San Marino sits of Mount Titano in north central Italy. It has 29,000 residents and San claims to be the oldest recorded sovereign state and constitutional republic in the world, as the continuation of the monastic community founded on 3 September 301 by stone cutter Marinus of Rab.
6. Liechtenstein lies on the River Rhine between Switzerland and Austria. At 62 square miles, it is the only Alpine country to lie completely within the Alps and is home to 34,000 people. The country has a strong financial sector located in the capital, Vaduz, and has been identified as a tax haven.
7. The 70 square mile Marshall Islands is a collection of atolls, reefs and 34 islands containing a population of 58,000. It gained independence in 1986 from the Trust Territory of Pacific Islands which was administered by the USA.
8. The Caribbean country of Saint Kitts and Nevis is 104 square miles and is inhabited by 39,000 people. Nevis is the smallest of the islands and gained independence in 1983.
9. The Seychelles lies in the Indian Ocean and has been independent from the United Kingdom since 1976. It is 107 square miles, and is inhabited by 81,000 residents.
10. Lastly, the Maldives is an amazing collection of 1192 islands which lie in the Indian Ocean encompassing a territory which is spread over roughly 90,000 square kilometers, making it one of the most disparate countries in the world. Occupied by 340,000 residents, who only inhabit 200 of the islands, it is the smallest Asian country in both population and area the country and has the lowest average ground level of any country in the world measuring just 1.5 metres above sea level.