Guide to Drafting an Effective Resume or CV

An individual’s relevant job experience and education are critical elements that must be properly documented, thus providing potential employers a glimpse of a candidate’s suitability – this is done through a resume.

While a curriculum vitae (CV) aids in the provision of your life and qualifications summary, it is by far more comprehensive in its coverage and is suitable for academic or medical careers.

Educational credentials outlined in a curriculum vitae are much more in-depth than that of a resume which are aesthetically tweaked according to the position applied for, on the other hand a curriculum vitae should have a detailed listing of all terms of employment, academic credential, publication, publication, contribution or significant achievement.

CV’s are largely expected to be factual and free of any opinionated qualities regarding the candidate and an unsophisticated approach of a bulleted list of skills and other professional points should preferably be avoided.

A clear outline of achievements instead of duties is more appropriate for the career history, with the recent history receiving greater attention, while academic qualifications, professional qualifications (NVQ’s and memberships of professional organizations) must appear in a chronological list, and space should not be wasted on trivia.

Curriculum vitae can be made of varying lengths but in particular post secondary teaching, research and academic administration maybe of any length, and as an applicant you must desist from pejoratives (derogatory remarks) against third parties mentioned in your curriculum vitae.

Countries usually have their own preferences like in India where lengthy documents are favored, in the US photos are discouraged to avoid any kind of discrimination, while Korea favors photos of the applicant and other more personal details.

Principally, resumes are short and sweet containing details relevant to the positions being applied for, and a number of them contain keywords which enable potential employers to make informed decisions.

The key to resume construction is providing adequate, accurate and concise account of applicant’s employment history and skills. Resumes by their structural nature may start with a statement regarding a personal goal, and then a list of most significant achievements or characteristics laid out in an appropriate fashion.

While a curriculum vitae on the other hand tends to make omissions of a candidate’s relevant information.

You may use reverse chronological order to outline your experiences that can cover up to 15 years, by so doing the main body of the document covers the professional experience section, detailing your recent experience and chronologically rewinding through past experience, and builds credibility.

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