Adenomyosis is a condition where tissue that grows inside of the uterus walls instead of becoming the lining of the uterus. It spunds like endometriosis, but is not the same thing at all. No one knows as of yet what the exact cause is of this female problem.
To distinquish between the two parts, there is the myometrium which is the actual wall of the uterus, giving the uterus its shape, and the endometrium is the actual insides of the uterus that plays the roles in productions of menstrual flowing. These two female body tissues don’t usually combine with each other. But in adenomyosis, this does happen, and so now you can understand what causes the pains a woman might have during cycles.
Adenomyosis has never been known to cause fertility problems the way that endometriosis usually will.
This medical problem is common in women that have born children. Women that have also experienced miscarriages are also more at a risk for this problem.
Adenomyosis can be really painful. Other times, it is pretty silent, and you won’t even know you have it. The signs that will appear with it are, (1) very heavy menstrual bleeding, (2) painful sexual intercourse, (3) blood clots during periods, (4) bleeding occuring between periods, and (5) severe pains with periods. The uterus will usually enlarge much more than normal, and as a result your stomach may feel bloated.
As I mentioned at the beginning here, doctors don’t know the exact cause of this problem in women. However, some theories have suggested that maybe there is an endometrial tissue in excess before birth. There is also a link that researchers feel exists between estrogen and the development of adenomyosis.
Diagnosing adenomyosis involves a pelvic examination and a sonogram which shows the lining of the uterus. Some doctors may do an MRI instead of a sonogram.
It is sometimes hard to distinquish between adenomyosis and other conditions related to it. One common problem that can cause many of the same symptoms is fibroids. When these benign types of tumors become large, they often cause the same exact problem as adenomyosis.
To control the pain from adenomyosis, your doctor may recommend taking anti-inflammatory medications to relieve the pains. Another idea that the doctor may suggest is taking Depo-Provera injections every three months. These injections stop many problems and menstrual periods cease, thereby elminating that painful cycle every time. Depo-Provera may be a good alternative to a hysterectomy.
Hysterectomy can be done partially, and the ovaries left in place so that you have some hormones yet. Since the uterus is the cause of adenomyosis, taking that out eliminates the problem.