Many people think that learning of new foreign words is a very difficult challenging process and takes lots of time. Someone tries to write the word down multiple number of times, someone repeats the word for a few times and closes the book and tries to remember it. These methods are of course working, but it usually takes a greater period of time to memorize. Besides, there is no certainty that in the nearest future you will still remember the word.
Cards are very effective. You read the card and memorize the word, then repeat it again for a few more times and put it aside when you are sure about the knowledge. It may be a very boring process, so some people feel lazy and are not able to continue with the card system for a long time.
But just memorization doesn’t mean you will remember the word for a long time and use it once in awhile. Here we should think more about our brain and the way it works. We have short-term and long-term types of memory, usually simple learning by roat keeps words in a short-term memory and if it is not being widely used it will vanish from your memory the other day or month.
For effective learning we need to pass through three main stages of the formation and retrieval of memory, which are encoding, storage and retrieval.
- Encoding – is the process when we introduce the word, see its structure, listen to the correct pronunciation, write it down and memorize for the first time.
- Storage – is the repetition of the word in order to create a permanent record.
- Retrieval – is the process of calling back the stored information for use in a process or some activity.
You can’t leave any of these steps out. If at least one of them is missed out the whole process of the memorization is useless, the words will be forgotten sooner or later.
Try not to take many words at a time, stick with the maximum of 20 words. Write them down in a column and repeat for a few times, don’t try to memorize them, just read, like you read some poem or an article. Put them aside and repeat after a few hours again. Then the other day. Repetition is required to save the information. When you are sure about the words, try to recall them in a form of a dialogue or monologue, try to use all of the words together, combine them. That is why suggested to learn by categories, but it is not a must, you actually can mix nouns and verb all together and you will remember them in anyway.
When you are definite about your knowledge, try to use these words in your everyday life, read more and point out these words for yourself in the textbooks. Try to compose an article or a poem with the usage of your new vocabulary. This will help you to move new words into your everyday life and ensure the proper memorization.
If this is the first foreign language for you, then most probably you will face difficulties in the beginning while trying to learn new words, but with the time you will notice that the process becomes more easy day by day. That is why second, third, etc. languages are easier to learn. Your memory needs to be trained every day, so it will definitely helps you out in the future.
See other article of mine on how to learn a foreign language effectively, some tips: http://www.bukisa.com/articles/339311_how-to-learn-a-foreign-language