Based on the collected facts, polygyny was practiced, often without limitations, in almost all cultures. It was sanctioned by various religions, and practiced both before Islam and for many centuries thereafter. It was clearly recorded on ancient writings of long ago civilization. But of all those cultures and religious organization being compared, Islam put polygyny on straight and regulates approach.
There is no doubt that the second wife legally married and treated kindly is better off than a mistress without any legal rights or security. There is no doubt also that the legitimate child of a polygamous father, born in the “full light of the day, ” and who enjoys all the rights and privileges of a son or daughter, is far better off than the wanted or unwanted illegitimate child, especially if it is a girl.
Guidance can hardly be secured by avoiding issues and problems which are real, even as they are relevant to human life on earth with its diversity. Hypocrisy, apology, or burying one’s head in the sand are hardly realistic means of achieving righteous human life. But whatever is the main point being stressed, either to accept or not to accept polygyny in a society, the most important thing is the understanding of the sacredness and the pureness of the union of two persons as a husband and wife, with respect to those people around them. Polygyny is not a question of immorality but instead a provided solution, a choice being provided by a doctrine to its follower.
As a recommendation to the readers, we would like to put emphasis on further readings of this topic. Further studies and researches regarding to the polygyny in Islam are also highly recommended.
Second, for those who intend to take more than one wife, he must think twice if he can give just and equal treatment to his wives and their children. And he must remember that practicing polygyny is not easy because it might give a negative outcome and complications or conflict to the wives and most especially to the children.