Understanding of Fracture

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Bone fracture is a break of continuity and determined according to the type and extent. Fractures occur when a bone subjected to greater stress than can diabsorbsinya. Fractures can be caused by direct blows, crushing force, sudden twisting movements, and even extreme muscle movement. Despite a broken bone will affect the surrounding tissue to cause soft tissue edema, hemorrhage muscles and joints, dislocation of joints, tendon rupture, nerve damage and blood vessel damage. Organs can suffer injuries from the force caused by fractures or bone fragments due

Clavicle fractures can occur in all age brackets, but is more common in children – children and young adults. This is usually caused by a fall on the shoulders. Fractures usually occur about – sometime in the middle of the bone.

As for type – type of fracture consisted of the following:
a) the complete Fracture
Is a fracture at the midline of the bone usually experience a shift from the normal position.
b) the fracture is not complete
That is broken only happens on some of the bones.
c) a closed fracture (simple)
Fractures that do not cause the tearing of the skin.
d) open fractures
Is a fracture with a wound on the skin or mucous membrane to the fracture.
Fractures are also classified according to the anatomical displacement of bone fragments, the following are the various types of fracture cases:
a) Green stick
Fractures in which one of the other side of the broken bone is bent.
b) Transfersal
Bone fracture along the midline.
c) oblique
Fracture angle to form a midline bone (more unstable compared transfersal).
d) Spiral
Twisted along the shaft of bone fractures.
e) Komunitif
Fractures in the bone breaks into several fragments.
f) Depression
Fracture with fracture fragments driven into the (often occurs in the skull and facial bones).
g) Compression
Suffered a compression fracture where the bone (occurs in the spine).
h) pathological
Fractures that occurred diseased bone (bone cyst, tumor metastases).
i) Avolsi
Interested in bone fragments by a ligament or tendon.
j) Epifisial
Fracture through the epiphyseal.
k) impaction
Fractures where the bone driven Kef ragmen other bones.

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