So, you’ve done some research and you’re wondering which are the differences in the materials used to create a Gibson and an Epiphone Les Paul Guitar. There are many different differences and several things to considers the material used in their construction. Most notably are the woods used in their construction, their electronics, and the headstock and truss rod cover designs.
One of the things you’ll notice a difference in is the electronics. The pickups are made by Gibson for Epiphone, but aren’t exactly the same as the Gibson ones. People have differing opinions regarding which they prefer, but generally it’s agreed upon that the electronics are quite similar overall.
The next thing to take notice of is that the wood that these brands are made of also differs. There are differences in the sound of maple and mahogany bodies, and again it comes down to a matter of preference. Differing models of both brands have virtually any kind of wood you prefer.
The shape of the headstock on these guitars also differs. The head stock is the wood at the top of the guitar that displays the brand and has the tuning keys that the strings are strung through. Earlier Epiphone Les Pauls had the same shape as the Gibsons but have since been changed in order to prevent someone from simply changing the name on the guitar and passing it off as a different one.
Epiphone truss rod covers typically have 3 screws in them and only say Gibson on them. Whereas Gibson truss rod covers only have 2 and say either Les Paul Studio, Standard, or Custom on them.
In summation, it is important to notice the differences in the make-up of Gibson and Epiphone Les Paul Guitars, so as to find which one best suits your needs.