The Einstein’s were non-observant Jews. Their son attended a Catholic elementary school from the age of five until ten. Although Einstein had early speech difficulties, he was a top student in elementary school.
His Father once showed him a pocket compass; Einstein realized that there must be something causing the needle to move, despite the apparent “empty space”. As he grew,instein built models and mechanical devices for fun and began to show a talent for mathematics. In 1889, Max Talmud (later changed to Max Talmey) introduced the ten-year old Einstein to key text in Science, mathematics and philosophy, Including Immanuel Kant’s Critique of Pure Reason and Euclid’s Elements (which Einstein called “holly little geometry book”). Talmud was a poor Jewish medical student from Poland. The Jewish community arranged for Talmud whole heartedly guided Einstein through many secular educational interest.
In 1894, his father company failed : direct current (DC) lost the War of Currents to alternating current (AC). In search of business, the Einstein family moved to Italy, first to Milan and then, a few months later to Pavia. When the family moved to Pavia, Einstien stayed in Munich to finish his studies at the Luitpold Gymnasium. His father intended for him to pursue electrical engineer, but Einstein clashed with authorities and resented the school’s regimen and teaching method.
Born – 14 March 1879 ULM, Kingdom of Wurttemberg, German Empire.
Died – 18 April 1955 (aged 76) Princeton, New Jersey, USA.
Resting Places – Grounds of the Institute for Advanced Study, Princeton, New Jersey.
Residence – Germany, Italy, Switzerland, USA.
Ethnicity – Jewish.
Citizenship –1. Wurttemberg/Germany (Unti 1896), 2. Stateless (1896-1901), 3. Switzerland (from 1901), 4. Austria (1911-12), 5. Germany (1914-33), 6. Albania (from 19350), 7. United State (from 1940).
Known For – General Relativity, Special Relativity, Photoelectric Effect, Brownian motion, Mass-energy Equivalence, Einstein Field Equations, Unified Field Theory, Bose-Einstein Statistics.
Spouses – Mileva Maric (1903-1919), Elsa Lowenthal, nee Einstein, (1919-1936).
Awards – Nobel Prize In Physics (1921), Copley Medal (1925), Max Planck Medal (1929), and Time Person of the Century.