The most popular theory today on the origins of the universe, is that it existed as a singularity of infinite density, in which time did not exist, and then for no apparent reason, it just began expanding, which led to everything we know today.
The big freeze theory continues to say that the universe will continue to expand faster, and after all matter gets sucked into black holes, these black holes will then eventually dissipate, due to proton decay, leaving behind only radiation, which then just flies around aimlessly for all eternity.
This theory of the universe seems stupid to me. I will tell you why. For a start, there is no reaction possible without time and space, because space and time are the same thing: space/time. The big bang is an effect, and needs a cause, and no cause can be given in this model, except the creation of the universe by God.
If the universe is expanding faster, it can only be doing so due to propulsion from the stars, because given no propulsion, all mass in the universe would gradually move slower, and slower, away from the gravity of the entire universe, and slow to a stop, because it is moving uphill in gravity terms. Even if the gravity of the entire universe was not present, without propulsion, the universe would only continue to expand at the current rate.
Once you realize that the universe’s expansion will slow once all the stars burn out, and are sucked into black holes, you also realize that there is not enough time for all of these black holes to dissipate before gravity sucks them back into the center, towards the ultimate equilibrium of a super-massive black hole, which cannot survive the gravity of itself, and must explode in another big bang.
The Many Worlds Theory
The many worlds theory, or the big crunch theory, suggests that the universe is eternal, and continues to move in the same cycles it always has. Some would put up arguments like the second law of thermodynamics, which says that all things gain entropy over time, and move towards equilibrium, (unless something causes them not to).
The thing which causes them not to, is gravity. The universe cannot support the intense weight and pressure of the big crunch, and unleashes as much of a powerful explosion each time the big bang happens, as the last one. Einstein had two equations which proved this. Energy equals mass, multiplied by the speed of light squared, and mass equals energy, divided by the speed of light squared.
These two equations show that every time energy is released from mass, and when it cools back down into mass again, there is just as much energy that will be released the next time around. In a black hole, the electron stops revolving around the nucleus, and collapses, taking away the vast majority of the volume of that atom, but not the mass.
The ultimate state of equilibrium would be this singularity, in which the entire universe existed, but the force of the gravity of the entire universe would be more than sufficient to split the atom, and cause the next big bang. So in my opinion, this singularity holding the entire universe, either never existed, or it existed just long enough to build up the pressure in the center that split the atom, and destroyed it.
Why do Christians care if the universe is eternal?
When it was first discovered that the universe was expanding, it was taken as proof by almost every Christian scientist on Earth, that God created the universe at a specific time, the big bang. Before that, almost every scientist believed that the universe was eternal. Einstein in particular, had a very hard time believing that there was nothing before the big bang. He eventually bowed to pressure, and basically said he believed that God created the universe at the big bang.
What you have to realize, is that it has only been recently that science has been at all separated from religion. Scientists were operating under the assumption that everything in the bible was true, and they were only trying to learn about God’s laws. Christians believe that if the universe is eternal, then God could not have created the universe, and so they cling to the theory that all time began at the big bang.
What you have to ask yourself, is does a theory that relies on an unproven assumption: the existence of God, and his creation of the universe, belong in modern science? It is true that the existence of God can neither be proven, or disproven. It is also true that what happened before the big bang can neither be proven or disproven. Given the fact that science has evidence to prove that the world was not made in seven days, and the evidence actually supports evolution, we should question how much of science is influenced by religion.
My Ideas on Religion and an Eternal Universe
I believe in reincarnation. Only because it seems that we are all made out of the same stuff, and as the first law of thermodynamics states: Energy cannot be created or destroyed, it only changes form. I believe that we either live our own lives again in another universe almost identical to this one, or are reborn as whatever is in the right place to use our molecules. Individuality may only be an illusion, and we are actually just many faces of one big whole.
As far as God goes, I believe that God is everything, the universe, turning in circles for all eternity. Einstein believed that God didn’t play dice, but I don’t know if God has any intelligence apart from our own, or not. I believe that we have to believe in these big questions, because there will never be a theory proven in our lifetime on these big questions, because we cannot test the theories.
Believe what you want to, but don’t be sucked in by anyone telling you that any of these things are known. They are ideas, nothing more. Nobody knows that the universe is eternal, or was created by God, they just believe. Join Bukisa to have your say, on the universe being eternal, or anything else you like. They pay you well, and their motto is share your knowledge, invite your friends. Free to join.